Order-disorder and ionic conductivity in calcium nitride-hydride
STFC : 5005
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Recently nitrogen-hydrogen compounds have successfully been applied as co-catalysts for mild conditions ammonia synthesis. Ca2NH was shown to act as a H2 sink during reaction, with H atoms from its lattice being incorporated into the NH3(g) product. Thus the ionic transport and diffusion properties of the N–H co-catalyst are fundamentally important to understanding and developing such syntheses. Here we show hydride ion conduction in these materials. Two distinct calcium nitride-hydride Ca2NH phases, prepared via different synthetic paths are found to show dramatically different properties. One phase (β) shows fast hydride ionic conduction properties (0.08 S/cm at 600 °C), on a par with the best binary ionic hydrides and 10 times higher than CaH2, whilst the other (α) is 100 times less conductive. An in situ combined analysis techniques reveals that the effective β-phase conducts ions via a vacancy-mediated phenomenon in which the charge carrier concentration is dependent on the ion concentration in the secondary site and by extension the vacancy concentration in the main site.
Irvine , G J , Smith , R I , Jones , M O & Irvine , J T S 2023 , ' Order-disorder and ionic conductivity in calcium nitride-hydride ' , Nature Communications , vol. 14 , 4389 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-40025-2
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DescriptionFunding: Prof John TS Irvine and Prof Martin Owen Jones: STFC 5005—Development of Combined In situ Neutron Diffraction and Electrochemical Studies.
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