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dc.contributor.authorSteele, Amie
dc.contributor.authorBrand, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorLeach, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorLloyd, Iva
dc.contributor.authorWard, Vicky
dc.identifier.citationSteele , A , Brand , S , Leach , M , Lloyd , I & Ward , V 2023 , ' Patient-shared knowledge and information in clinical decision-making : an international survey of the perspectives and experiences of naturopathic practitioners ' , BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies , vol. 23 , 247 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 289921431
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2c928e42-f53a-4d5b-b273-bb6cb1758ee5
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8684-0403/work/139156752
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85165226351
dc.description.abstractIntroduction Most knowledge translation models pay relatively little attention to patient-held knowledge and are largely based on the premise that researchers and clinicians hold all valuable knowledge, and patients are passive recipients of such knowledge. Counter to this clinician- and researcher-centred lens is a growing interest and awareness of patients as experts in their health. While naturopathic medicine is described and experienced as a patient-centred system of traditional medicine, the position of patient-held knowledge is unclear particularly when considered alongside their use of other more objective forms of knowledge such as research evidence. Methods This international online cross-sectional survey aimed to explore naturopathic practitioners’ perceptions of the value and contribution of patient-shared knowledge and information within the context of naturopathic clinical consultations. Results The survey was completed by 453 naturopathic practitioners (response rate: 74.3%). Approximately two-thirds (68.2%) of respondents reported using information shared by the patient. Most rated ‘information provided by the patient’ as either ‘extremely important’ (60.7%) or ‘very important’ (31.4%) to patients. Highest levels of trust were reported for information provided by the patient (‘completely’: 9.9%; ‘a lot’: 53.6%). Most practitioners indicated they trusted knowledge and information derived from the patient’s personal health history ‘completely’(n=79; 21.8%) or ‘a lot’(n=226; 62.4%) from the patient’s perspective of living with a health condition (‘completely’[n=63, 17.4%]; ‘a lot’[n=224, 61.9%]). Patients were the highest ranked stakeholder group (mean: 1.5) perceived to influence NP use of patient experience of living with a health condition to inform clinical decision-making. Conclusion Researchers and policy makers are increasingly focused on the value of the ‘expert patient’ in clinical decision-making, yet health professionals’ report challenges and, in some cases, resistance to meaningfully engaging with patient-shared knowledge in practice. However, our study has found patient-shared knowledge – inclusive of patient experience of their health condition – is among the knowledge used and trusted by naturopathic practitioners to inform their clinical decision-making. This study both offers insights into the knowledge translation behaviours of an under-researched health profession and provides a novel contribution to the wider aim of adopting patient shared knowledge into clinical care more generally.
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Complementary Medicine and Therapiesen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) 2023. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.en
dc.subjectR Medicine (General)en
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.titlePatient-shared knowledge and information in clinical decision-making : an international survey of the perspectives and experiences of naturopathic practitionersen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Managementen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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