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dc.contributor.authorBildhauer, Bettina M
dc.identifier.citationBildhauer , B M 2023 , ' Every narrator is biased : the polyphonic poetics of 'The Seven Sages of Rome' in a German version ' , Das Mittelalter , vol. 28 , no. 1 , pp. 137-154 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 281042027
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d695ee62-9cd0-46ee-8076-c0fd02156705
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1055-9441/work/139156514
dc.description.abstractThis article demonstrates that a German-lan­guage verse version of ‘The Seven Sages’ from the first half of the 15th century, entitled ‘Of the Seven Masters’, has a sophisticated polyphonic poetics. ‘Of the Seven Masters’ shows that any single narrative and interpre­tation is necessarily biased by the particular situation of the narrator or interpreter, and that any decision based on such a single version and understanding of a narrative is rash. This is illustrated not only by the fifteen embedded stories and their interpretations but also within the frame narrative by three different accounts and interpretations of the central scene of sexual violence, neither of which justifies the quick decision and violent actions that follow. ‘Of the Seven Masters’ makes explicit that this one-sided narration even includes the heterodiegetic narrator, who in the prologue is presented as an interpreter of limited skill whose interpretations are biased by a specific didactic intent and who is on a par with the seven sages as only one of multiple voices.
dc.relation.ispartofDas Mittelalteren
dc.rightsCopyright © 2023 The Author(s). Open Access. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (
dc.subject'Seven Sages of Rome'en
dc.subjectFrame narrativeen
dc.subjectPT Germanic literatureen
dc.subjectD111 Medieval Historyen
dc.titleEvery narrator is biased : the polyphonic poetics of 'The Seven Sages of Rome' in a German versionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Germanen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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