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dc.contributor.authorSchönegger, Philipp
dc.contributor.authorMaier, Maximilian
dc.contributor.authorBastos, Rafael Valdece Sousa
dc.identifier.citationSchönegger , P , Maier , M & Bastos , R V S 2023 , ' Introduction and validation of the Short Antinatalism Scale (S-ANS) ' , Psychological Test Adaption and Development , vol. 4 , no. 1 , pp. 28-40 .
dc.descriptionFunding: This research was supported by a research grant from the Forethought Foundation and the Center for Effective Altruism.en
dc.description.abstractAntinatalism is the view that procreation is morally wrong. This paper introduces and validates the Short Antinatalism Scale (S-ANS) that allows researchers to measure antinatalist views. We conducted four preregistered studies with a total of 1,088 participants. First, we ran a study on Prolific (N = 296) and conducted an exploratory factor analysis of an initial scale including 22 items drawn from the philosophical literature on antinatalism. In Study 2, we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis of a reduced 12-item scale, also on Prolific (N = 396). Based on a Mokken scale analysis, we further reduced the scale to a 5-item version which we tested in a second confirmatory factor analysis, Study 3, on Prolific (N = 297), where we also aimed to provide evidence of validity. The results indicated excellent model fit (RMSEA = 0.012) and evidence for validity (with life satisfaction, affective empathy, and conservatism correlating negatively with antinatalism). Lastly, we conducted Study 4 with a sample of self-identified antinatalists on Reddit (N = 99) to provide additional evidence of validity. We find that the instrument is measurement invariant between self-described antinatalists and the general population and that antinatalists score significantly higher on the scale (d = 2.80). This provides evidence in favor of reliability and validity with respect to the final 5-item Short Antinatalism Scale (S-ANS). We hope that the S-ANS, which is freely available to all researchers, advances rigorous research into antinatalism and its determinants across a variety of fields that relate to the value of life and procreation.
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Test Adaption and Developmenten
dc.subjectScale developmenten
dc.subjectLife satisfactionen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleIntroduction and validation of the Short Antinatalism Scale (S-ANS)en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Philosophyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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