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dc.contributor.advisorShively, Elizabeth E.
dc.contributor.authorTse, Timothy B.
dc.description.abstractAlthough it has long been noted that John uses language drawn from the Hebrew Bible’s descriptions of YHWH’s dwelling place (namely the Tabernacle and various iterations of the Temple, hereafter collectively referred to as the “Sanctuary”) and its priests, scholars have overlooked the importance of his spatial transformation of that language. I fill this lacuna by using Relevance Theory, Resistance Theory, Critical Space Theory, and Conceptual Metaphor Theory, to demonstrate that a significant part of John’s apocalyptic strategy of resistance is to re-present his vision to his audience spatially, so that they can experience a divinely ordained alternative to the world in which they live. In doing so, John attempts to relegate their experience of space to his revelation of space. Specifically, John’s description of the visionary world creates the metaphors “the earth is a Sanctuary” and “the Saints are its priests.” Under this view, life on earth must be evaluated according to the concerns of the Sanctuary, which by definition requires the removal of everything impure (i.e., Satan, Babylon, and their followers). In the same way, the Saints (namely all Christians in both the historic and visionary worlds) must take priestly responsibility for the earth. Therefore, John portrays the Saints joining in the removal of all impurity upon the earth by fighting, as priests, in God and the Lamb’s war against Satan, Babylon, and all her impurities. After all, ancient priests do not join the battleline, but by maintaining purity and through their prayers, they effect victory in battle and conquer their enemies. Overall, John means to realign the church’s experience of space, so that they understand themselves as priests of the Sanctuary, and to live according to that reality.en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectNew Testamenten_US
dc.subjectApocalyptic literatureen_US
dc.subjectCritical space theoryen_US
dc.subjectRelevance theoryen_US
dc.subjectResistance theoryen_US
dc.subjectConceptual metaphor theoryen_US
dc.subjectHoly waren_US
dc.subjectVisionary worlden_US
dc.titleConstructing the earth as Sanctuary : priesthood and temple in the Apocalypse of Johnen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Restricted until 24th January 2026en

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    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
    Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's licence for re-use is described as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International