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dc.contributor.authorThorn, Jessica P. R.
dc.contributor.authorNangolo, Penelao
dc.contributor.authorBiancardi, Rebeca Aleu
dc.contributor.authorShackleton, Sheona
dc.contributor.authorMarchant, Robert A.
dc.contributor.authorAjala, Olayinka
dc.contributor.authorDelgado, Guillermo
dc.contributor.authorMfune, John K. E.
dc.contributor.authorCinderby, Steve
dc.contributor.authorHejnowicz, Adam P.
dc.identifier.citationThorn , J P R , Nangolo , P , Biancardi , R A , Shackleton , S , Marchant , R A , Ajala , O , Delgado , G , Mfune , J K E , Cinderby , S & Hejnowicz , A P 2022 , ' Exploring the benefits and dis-benefits of climate migration as an adaptive strategy along the rural-peri-urban continuum in Namibia ' , Regional Environmental Change , vol. 23 , no. 1 , 10 .
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:0A3CBE9B5DAF8D29244DCB3280F7CB4D
dc.identifier.otherRIS: Thorn2022
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2108-2554/work/124889583
dc.descriptionFunding: This research is funded by a UK Research and Innovation’s Global Challenges Research Fund University of York internal pumping grant Peri-Urban Resilient Ecosystems, the African Research and Initiative for Scientific Excellence (ARISE-PP-FA-141), the Development Corridors Partnership project (ES/P011500/1), the African Women in Climate Change Science Fellowship supported by the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Canadian International Development Research Centre, and the Climate Research for Development Postdoctoral Fellowship (CR4D-19–21) implemented by the African Academy of Sciences in partnership with the UK’s Department for International Development, Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER) programme and the African Climate Policy Center of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.en
dc.description.abstractThe scale of climate migration across the Global South is expected to increase during this century. By 2050, millions of Africans are likely to consider, or be pushed into, migration because of climate hazards contributing to agricultural disruption, water and food scarcity, desertification, flooding, drought, coastal erosion, and heat waves. However, the migration-climate nexus is complex, as is the question of whether migration can be considered a climate change adaptation strategy across both the rural and urban space. Combining data from household surveys, key informant interviews, and secondary sources related to regional disaster, demographic, resource, and economic trends between 1990 and 2020 from north central and central dryland Namibia, we investigate (i) human migration flows and the influence of climate hazards on these flows and (ii) the benefits and dis-benefits of migration in supporting climate change adaptation, from the perspective of migrants (personal factors and intervening obstacles), areas of origin, and areas of destination. Our analysis suggests an increase in climate-related push factors that could be driving rural out-migration from the north central region to peri-urban settlements in the central region of the country. While push factors play a role in rural-urban migration, there are also several pull factors (many of which have been long-term drivers of urban migration) such as perceived higher wages, diversity of livelihoods, water, health and energy provisioning, remittances, better education opportunities, and the exchange of non-marketed products. Migration to peri-urban settlements can reduce some risks (e.g. loss of crops and income due to climate extremes) but amplify others (e.g. heat stress and insecure land tenure). Adaptation at both ends of the rural–urban continuum is supported by deeply embedded linkages in a model of circular rural–urban-rural migration and interdependencies. Results empirically inform current and future policy debates around climate mobilities in Namibia, with wider implications across Africa.
dc.relation.ispartofRegional Environmental Changeen
dc.subjectClimate mobilitiesen
dc.subjectEnvironmental migrantsen
dc.subjectMigration dynamicsen
dc.subjectPeri-urban settlementsen
dc.subjectRural-urban migrationen
dc.subjectSub-Saharan Africanen
dc.subjectJV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migrationen
dc.subjectGF Human ecology. Anthropogeographyen
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.subjectSDG 10 - Reduced Inequalitiesen
dc.subjectSDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communitiesen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.subjectSDG 15 - Life on Landen
dc.titleExploring the benefits and dis-benefits of climate migration as an adaptive strategy along the rural-peri-urban continuum in Namibiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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