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dc.contributor.authorMany Primates
dc.identifier.citationMany Primates 2022 , ' The evolution of primate short-term memory ' , Animal Behavior and Cognition , vol. 9 , no. 4 , pp. 428-516 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8597-8336/work/122216278
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2066-7892/work/122216363
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3867-3003/work/122216776
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4844-0673/work/126031802
dc.description* Correspondence should be addressed to Manuel Bohn (manyprimates@gmai
dc.description.abstractShort-term memory is implicated in a range of cognitive abilities and is critical for understanding primate cognitive evolution. To investigate the effects of phylogeny, ecology and sociality on short-term memory, we tested the largest and most diverse primate sample to date (421 non-human primates across 41 species) in an experimental delayed-response task. Our results confirm previous findings that longer delays decrease memory performance across species and taxa. Our analyses demonstrate a considerable contribution of phylogeny over ecological and social factors on the distribution of short-term memory performance in primates; closely related species had more similar short-term memory abilities. Overall, individuals in the branch of Hominoidea performed better compared to Cercopithecoidea, who in turn performed above Platyrrhini and Strepsirrhini. Interdependencies between phylogeny and socioecology of a given species presented an obstacle to disentangling the effects of each of these factors on the evolution of short-term memory capacity. However, this study offers an important step forward in understanding the interspecies and individual variation in short-term memory ability by providing the first phylogenetic reconstruction of this trait’s evolutionary history. The dataset constitutes a unique resource for studying the evolution of primate cognition and the role of short-term memory in other cognitive abilities.
dc.relation.ispartofAnimal Behavior and Cognitionen
dc.subjectCognitive evolutionen
dc.subjectShort-term memoryen
dc.subjectPrimate cognitionen
dc.subjectPhylogenetic analysisen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleThe evolution of primate short-term memoryen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. ‘Living Links to Human Evolution’ Research Centreen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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