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dc.contributor.authorWilliams, PR
dc.contributor.authorTreu, T
dc.contributor.authorDahle, H
dc.contributor.authorValenti, S
dc.contributor.authorAbramson, L
dc.contributor.authorBarth, AJ
dc.contributor.authorDyrland, K
dc.contributor.authorGladders, M
dc.contributor.authorHorne, K
dc.contributor.authorSharon, K
dc.identifier.citationWilliams , PR , Treu , T , Dahle , H , Valenti , S , Abramson , L , Barth , AJ , Dyrland , K , Gladders , M , Horne , K & Sharon , K 2021 , ' The black hole mass of the z =2.805 multiply imaged quasar SDSS J2222+2745 from velocity-resolved time lags of the C iv emission line ' , Astrophysical Journal , vol. 911 , no. 1 , 64 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 274004856
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 214024d7-1e91-474f-8e0b-ed0ee62d0b62
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:B518691D51C64BB01EB550149A9CB2CA
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000641583600001
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85105085362
dc.descriptionP.W. and T.T. gratefully acknowledge support by the National Science Foundation through grant AST-1907208 "Collaborative Research: Establishing the foundations of black hole mass measurements of AGN across cosmic time" and the Packard Foundation through a Packard Research Fellowship to T.T. Research at UC Irvine was supported by NSF grant AST-1907290. K.H. acknowledges support from STFC grant ST/R000824/1.en
dc.description.abstractWe present the first results of a 4.5 yr monitoring campaign of the three bright images of multiply imaged z = 2.805 quasar SDSS J2222+2745 using the Gemini North Multi-Object Spectrograph and the Nordic Optical Telescope. We take advantage of gravitational time delays to construct light curves surpassing 6 yr in duration in the observed frame and achieve an average spectroscopic cadence of 10 days during the 8 months of visibility per season. Using multiple secondary calibrators and advanced reduction techniques, we achieve percent-level spectrophotometric precision and carry out an unprecedented reverberation mapping analysis, measuring both integrated and velocity-resolved time lags for the C iv emission line. The full line lags the continuum by Τ(cen)=36.5-3.9+2.9 rest-frame days. We combine our measurement with published C iv emission line lags and derive the r(BLR) - L relationship log10 (Τ/day)=(0.99 +/- 0.07)+(0.48 +/- 0.03)log10 [λLλ(1350AA)/1044erg s-1] with 0.30 +/- 0.06 dex intrinsic scatter. The velocity-resolved lags are consistent with circular Keplerian orbits, with Τ(cen)=86.2-5.0+4.5, 25-15+11 and 7.5-3.5+4.2 rest-frame days for the core, blue wing, and red wing, respectively. Using σline with the mean spectrum and assuming log10(fmean,σ)=0.52 +/- 0.26, we derive log10(MBH/M☉)=8.63 +/- 0.27 . Given the quality of the data, this system represents a unique benchmark for calibration of M-BH estimators at high redshift. Future work will present dynamical modeling of the data to constrain the virial factor f and MBH.
dc.relation.ispartofAstrophysical Journalen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectActive galactic nucleien
dc.subjectStrong gravitional lensingen
dc.subjectReverberation mappingen
dc.subjectSupermassive black holesen
dc.subjectQB Astronomyen
dc.subjectQC Physicsen
dc.titleThe black hole mass of the z=2.805 multiply imaged quasar SDSS J2222+2745 from velocity-resolved time lags of the C iv emission lineen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorScience & Technology Facilities Councilen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Physics and Astronomyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Centre for Exoplanet Scienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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