Organic light-emitting diode based fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay for SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection
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Immunodiagnostics have been widely used in the detection of disease biomarkers. The conventional immunological tests in central laboratories require expensive equipment and, for non-specialists, the tests are technically demanding and time-consuming, which has prevented their use by the public. Thus, point-of-care tests (POCT), such as lateral flow immunoassays, are being, or have been, developed as more convenient and low-cost methods for immunodiagnostics. However, the sensitivity of such tests is often a concern. Here, a fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay (FLISA) using organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) as excitation light sources was investigated as a way forward for the development of compact and sensitive POCTs. Phycoerythrin (PE) was selected as the fluorescent dye, and OLEDs were designed with different emission spectra. The leak-age light of different OLEDs for exciting PE was then investigated to reduce the background noise and improve the sensitivity of the system. Finally, as proof of principle that OLED-based technology can be successfully further developed for POCT, antibody to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in human serum was detected by OLED-FLISA.
Lian , C , Young , D F , Randall , R E & Samuel , I D W 2022 , ' Organic light-emitting diode based fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay for SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection ' , Biosensors , vol. 12 , no. 12 , 1125 . https://doi.org/10.3390/bios12121125
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