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dc.contributor.authorByrne, Michael P.
dc.identifier.citationByrne , M P 2021 , ' Amplified warming of extreme temperatures over tropical land ' , Nature Geoscience , vol. 14 , pp. 837-841 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 276383119
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 5f97c04f-fb6d-47cb-b2d8-9b800acdda16
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:EBD6D11BDCF191AB88B80193B39DC6B4
dc.identifier.otherRIS: Byrne2021
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9019-3915/work/101958988
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85117439871
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000709743900001
dc.descriptionSupport from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 794063.en
dc.description.abstractExtreme temperatures have warmed substantially over recent decades and are projected to continue warming in response to future climate change. Warming of extreme temperatures is amplified over land, with severe implications for human health, wildfire risk and food production. Using simulations from 18 climate models, I show that hot days over tropical land warm substantially more than the average day. For example, warming of the hottest 5% of land days is a factor of 1.21 ± 0.07 larger than the time-mean warming averaged across models. The climate change response of extreme temperatures over tropical land is interpreted using a theory based on atmospheric dynamics. According to the theory, warming is amplified for hot land days because those days are dry, which is termed the ‘drier get hotter’ mechanism. Changes in near-surface relative humidity further increase tropical land warming, with decreases in land relative humidity being particularly important. The theory advances physical understanding of the tropical climate and highlights land surface dryness as a key factor determining how extreme temperatures respond to climate change.
dc.relation.ispartofNature Geoscienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2021. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectClimate sciencesen
dc.subjectProjection and predictionen
dc.subjectAtmospheric dynamicsen
dc.subjectClimate changeen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectSDG 2 - Zero Hungeren
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.titleAmplified warming of extreme temperatures over tropical landen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Earth & Environmental Sciencesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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