Suppressing cyanobacterial dominance by UV-LED TiO2-photocatalysis in a drinking water reservoir : a mesocosm study
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Cyanobacteria and their toxic secondary metabolites present challenges for water treatment globally. In this study we have assessed TiO2 immobilized onto recycled foamed glass beads by a facile calcination method, combined in treatment units with 365 nm UV-LEDs. The treatment system was deployed in mesocosms within a eutrophic Brazilian drinking water reservoir. The treatment units were deployed for 7 days and suppressed cyanobacterial abundance by 85% while at the same time enhancing other water quality parameters; turbidity and transparency improved by 40 and 81% respectively. Genomic analysis of the microbiota in the treated mesocosms revealed that the composition of the cyanobacterial community was affected and the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria increased during cyanobacterial suppression. The effect of the treatment on zooplankton and other eukaryotes was also monitored. The abundance of zooplankton decreased while Chrysophyte and Alveolata loadings increased. The results of this proof-of-concept study demonstrate the potential for full-scale, in-reservoir application of advanced oxidation processes as complementary water treatment processes.
Pestana , C J , Santos , A A , Capelo-Neto , J , Melo , V M M , Reis , K C , Oliveira , S , Rogers , R , Pacheco , A B F , Hui , J , Skillen , N C , Barros , M U G , Edwards , C , Azevedo , S M F O , Robertson , P K J , Irvine , J T S & Lawton , L A 2022 , ' Suppressing cyanobacterial dominance by UV-LED TiO 2 -photocatalysis in a drinking water reservoir : a mesocosm study ' , Water Research , vol. 226 , 119299 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2022.119299
Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
DescriptionFunding: The authors would like to acknowledge the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) [EP/P029280/1], the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel - CAPES [PROEX 20/2016 and Print 88887.311806/2018-00], the Brazilian National Research Council – CNPq [403116/2016-3 and 304164/2017-8] and the Ceará Research Support Foundation - FUNCAP [PNE-0112-00042.01.00/16] for funding this research.
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