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dc.contributor.authorAbdel-Khalik, Jonas
dc.contributor.authorHearn, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorDickson, Alison L
dc.contributor.authorCrick, Peter J
dc.contributor.authorYutuc, Eylan
dc.contributor.authorAustin-Muttitt, Karl
dc.contributor.authorBigger, Brian W
dc.contributor.authorMorris, Andrew A
dc.contributor.authorShackleton, Cedric H
dc.contributor.authorClayton, Peter T
dc.contributor.authorIida, Takashi
dc.contributor.authorSircar, Ria
dc.contributor.authorRohatgi, Rajat
dc.contributor.authorMarschall, Hanns-Ulrich
dc.contributor.authorSjövall, Jan
dc.contributor.authorBjörkhem, Ingemar
dc.contributor.authorMullins, Jonathan G L
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, William J
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yuqin
dc.identifier.citationAbdel-Khalik , J , Hearn , T , Dickson , A L , Crick , P J , Yutuc , E , Austin-Muttitt , K , Bigger , B W , Morris , A A , Shackleton , C H , Clayton , P T , Iida , T , Sircar , R , Rohatgi , R , Marschall , H-U , Sjövall , J , Björkhem , I , Mullins , J G L , Griffiths , W J & Wang , Y 2021 , ' Bile acid biosynthesis in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome bypassing cholesterol : Potential importance of pathway intermediates ' , The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , vol. 206 , 105794 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 281861046
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: cb1a78e2-b25e-4cf1-be2c-58fed783a18e
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 33246156
dc.identifier.otherPubMedCentral: PMC7816163
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85097453475
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4150-2467/work/121753965
dc.descriptionThis work was supported by the UKRI Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC, grant numbers BB/I001735/1 and BB/N015932/1 to WJG, BB/L001942/1 to YW); the European Union through European Structural Funds (ESF), as part of the Welsh Government funded Academic Expertise for Business project (to WJG and YW); the Swedish Science Council (to IB); and in the US by NIH/NIGMS (GM106078 to RR); and NIH (5R01HD053036to CHS). ALD was supported via a KESS2 award in association with Markes International from the Welsh Government and the European Social Fund. JAK was supported by a PhD studentship from Imperial College Healthcare Charities. KA-M was supported by a PhD studentship from Moleculomics Ltd.en
dc.description.abstractBile acids are the end products of cholesterol metabolism secreted into bile. They are essential for the absorption of lipids and lipid soluble compounds from the intestine. Here we have identified a series of unusual Δ5-unsaturated bile acids in plasma and urine of patients with Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS), a defect in cholesterol biosynthesis resulting in elevated levels of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC), an immediate precursor of cholesterol. Using liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (LC-MS) we have uncovered a pathway of bile acid biosynthesis in SLOS avoiding cholesterol starting with 7-DHC and proceeding through 7-oxo and 7β-hydroxy intermediates. This pathway also occurs to a minor extent in healthy humans, but elevated levels of pathway intermediates could be responsible for some of the features SLOS. The pathway is also active in SLOS affected pregnancies as revealed by analysis of amniotic fluid. Importantly, intermediates in the pathway, 25-hydroxy-7-oxocholesterol, (25R)26-hydroxy-7-oxocholesterol, 3β-hydroxy-7-oxocholest-5-en-(25R)26-oic acid and the analogous 7β-hydroxysterols are modulators of the activity of Smoothened (Smo), an oncoprotein that mediates Hedgehog (Hh) signalling across membranes during embryogenesis and in the regeneration of postembryonic tissue. Computational docking of the 7-oxo and 7β-hydroxy compounds to the extracellular cysteine rich domain of Smo reveals that they bind in the same groove as both 20S-hydroxycholesterol and cholesterol, known activators of the Hh pathway.
dc.relation.ispartofThe Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biologyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.subjectBile acids and salts/biosynthesisen
dc.subjectChromatography, liquiden
dc.subjectMass spectrometryen
dc.subjectMolecular docking simulationen
dc.subjectSmith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome/geneticsen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleBile acid biosynthesis in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome bypassing cholesterol : Potential importance of pathway intermediatesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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