Effect of Ti-substitution on the properties of P3 structure Na2/3Mn0.8Li0.2O2 showing a ribbon superlattice
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Oxygen anion redox offers an effective strategy to enhance the energy density of layered oxide positive electrodes for sodium- and lithium-ion batteries. However, lattice oxygen loss and irreversible structural transformations over the first cycle may result in large voltage hysteresis, thereby impeding practical application. Herein, ribbon superstructure ordering of Li/transition-metal-ions was applied to suppress the voltage hysteresis combined with Ti-substitution to improve the cycling stability for P3-Na0.67Li0.2Ti0.15Mn0.65O2. When both cation and anion redox reactions are utilized, Na0.67Li0.2Ti0.15Mn0.65O2 delivers a reversible capacity of 172 mA h g−1 after 25 cycles at 10 mA g−1 between 1.6–4.4 V vs. Na+/Na. Ex-situ X-ray diffraction data reveal that the ribbon superstructure is retained with negligible unit cell volume expansion/contraction upon sodiation/desodiation. The performance as a positive electrode for Li-ion batteries was also evaluated and P3-Na0.67Li0.2Ti0.15Mn0.65O2 delivers a reversible capacity of 180 mA h g−1 after 25 cycles at 10 mA g−1 when cycled vs. Li+/Li between 2.0–4.8 V.
Linnell , S F , Kim , E J , Ma , L A , Naden , A B , Irvine , J T S , Younesi , R , Duda , L & Armstrong , R 2022 , ' Effect of Ti-substitution on the properties of P3 structure Na 2 /3Mn 0.8 Li 0.2 O 2 showing a ribbon superlattice ' , ChemElectroChem , vol. 9 , no. 19 , e202200929 . https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.202200929
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. ChemElectroChem published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: Faraday Institution (Grant Number(s): FIRG018); Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant Number(s): EP/T019298/1, EP/L017008/1, EP/R023751/1); Energimyndigheten (Grant Number(s): 2020-005249); Spring 8 (Grant Number(s): 2019B1604).
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