Developing a “culture of disaster preparedness” : the citizens’ view
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This study investigated the potential for citizens developing “cultures of disaster preparedness”, which are informed by citizens' values and experiences rather than imposed from “above”. Based on previous research we conducted during Citizen Summits in Romania, Malta, Italy and Germany, we developed a set of recommendations, which were evaluated during two final Citizen Summits held in Portugal and the Netherlands, using an electronic audience response system and focus group discussions. The results point at three main strategies, which can be expected to foster a “soft” cultural change towards disaster preparedness over time: (1) encouraging measures that build upon already existing cultural values and daily routines; (2) organising preparedness-related activities that are designed as part of citizens' everyday-life events; and (3) improving perceived self-efficacy by demonstrating how citizens’ already existing, personal everyday skills can be harnessed in disaster situations.
Appleby-Arnold , S , Brockdorff , N & Callus , C 2021 , ' Developing a “culture of disaster preparedness” : the citizens’ view ' , International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction , vol. 56 , 102133 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102133
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
DescriptionThe research reported in this paper was carried out as part of the CARISMAND project. CARISMAND – Culture And RISk management in Man-made And Natural Disasters – has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme (2014–2020) under Grant Agreement Number 653748.
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