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dc.contributor.authorTapia-Harris, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorCresswell, Will
dc.identifier.citationTapia-Harris , C & Cresswell , W 2022 , ' Common Whitethroats Curruca communis show a continuum of residency duration but a high degree of between-years site fidelity at nonbreeding grounds in Nigeria ' , Ecology and Evolution , vol. 12 , no. 9 , e9334 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 281405056
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 1da64104-1be7-400a-9e07-fd6b9f71967b
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:E4B0A2A1C2385CEE3CCAD36C02F23EDF
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4684-7624/work/119628124
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000855277900001
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85139153952
dc.descriptionFunding: A.P. Leventis Conservation Foundation, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT). Grant Number: 472286.en
dc.description.abstractThe nonbreeding period represents a significant part of an Afro-Palearctic migratory bird's annual cycle. Decisions such as whether to remain at a single site and whether to return to it across years have important effects on aspects such as survival, future breeding success, migratory connectivity, and conservation. During this study, we color-ringed 337 common Whitethroats Curruca communis and undertook daily resightings to understand site persistence and the degree of site fidelity throughout three nonbreeding periods (November-April) in Nigeria. The probability of detecting a color-ringed Whitethroat when it was present was 0.33. Site persistence varied widely across individuals (1-165 days) and did not differ significantly with sex or year, though first-year birds remained for significantly shorter periods than adults. We believe that shorter residencies are likely due to the use of multiple stationary nonbreeding sites rather than low winter survival. A minimum of 19% of individuals returned to the study site the following year and shifted, on average, 300 m, suggesting that Whitethroats have a relatively high degree of between-years site fidelity at a very fine scale. An individual's previous residency duration did not seem to determine its residency duration the following year. We suggest that spatial fidelity is high and constant through years, but temporal fidelity is not, and individual residency patterns vary, probably according to yearly and seasonal conditions. Our results highlight the complexity of the annual cycle of a single species and the importance of carrying out in situ, fine-scale research throughout a migrant's annual cycle over several years.
dc.relation.ispartofEcology and Evolutionen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectAfro-Palearctic migranten
dc.subjectCommon Whitethroaten
dc.subjectCurruca communisen
dc.subjectNonbreeding perioden
dc.subjectReturn ratesen
dc.subjectSite fidelityen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.titleCommon Whitethroats Curruca communis show a continuum of residency duration but a high degree of between-years site fidelity at nonbreeding grounds in Nigeriaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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