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dc.contributor.authordel Cura-González, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Rodríguez, Juan A.
dc.contributor.authorLeiva-Fernández, Francisca
dc.contributor.authorGimeno-Feliu, Luis A.
dc.contributor.authorPico-Soler, Victoria
dc.contributor.authorBujalance-Zafra, Mª. Josefa
dc.contributor.authorDomínguez-Santaella, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorPolentinos-Castro, Elena
dc.contributor.authorPoblador-Plou, Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorAra-Bardají, Paula
dc.contributor.authorAza-Pascual-Salcedo, Mercedes
dc.contributor.authorRogero-Blanco, Marisa
dc.contributor.authorCastillo-Jiménez, Marcos
dc.contributor.authorLozano-Hernández, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorGimeno-Miguel, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Rubio, Francisca
dc.contributor.authorMedina-García, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Hevilla, Alba
dc.contributor.authorGil-Conesa, Mario
dc.contributor.authorMartín-Fernández, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorM. Valderas, José
dc.contributor.authorMarengoni, Alessandra
dc.contributor.authorMuth, Christiane
dc.contributor.authorPrados-Torres, J. Daniel
dc.contributor.authorPrados-Torres, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorMULTIPAP PLUS Group
dc.contributor.authorAzcoaga-Lorenzo, Amaya
dc.contributor.authorHernandez Santiago, Virginia
dc.identifier.citationdel Cura-González , I , López-Rodríguez , J A , Leiva-Fernández , F , Gimeno-Feliu , L A , Pico-Soler , V , Bujalance-Zafra , M J , Domínguez-Santaella , M , Polentinos-Castro , E , Poblador-Plou , B , Ara-Bardají , P , Aza-Pascual-Salcedo , M , Rogero-Blanco , M , Castillo-Jiménez , M , Lozano-Hernández , C , Gimeno-Miguel , A , González-Rubio , F , Medina-García , R , González-Hevilla , A , Gil-Conesa , M , Martín-Fernández , J , M. Valderas , J , Marengoni , A , Muth , C , Prados-Torres , J D , Prados-Torres , A , MULTIPAP PLUS Group , Azcoaga-Lorenzo , A & Hernandez Santiago , V 2022 , ' Effectiveness of the MULTIPAP Plus intervention in youngest-old patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy aimed at improving prescribing practices in primary care : study protocol of a cluster randomized trial ' , Trials , vol. 23 , 479 .
dc.descriptionFunding: This study was funded by Instituto de Salud Carlos III (isciii) [file number PI18/01812, PI18/01303 y PI18/01515, RD16/0001/0004, RD16/0001/0005, RD16/0001/0006] and co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund ‘A way to shape Europe; Research, Development and Innovation National Plan 2013-2016’.en
dc.description.abstractBackground The progressive ageing of the population is leading to an increase in multimorbidity and polypharmacy, which in turn may increase the risk of hospitalization and mortality. The enhancement of care with information and communications technology (ICT) can facilitate the use of prescription evaluation tools and support system for decision-making (DSS) with the potential of optimizing the healthcare delivery process. Objective To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the complex intervention MULTIPAP Plus, compared to usual care, in improving prescriptions for young-old patients (65-74 years old) with multimorbidity and polypharmacy in primary care. Methods/design This is a pragmatic cluster-randomized clinical trial with a follow-up of 18 months in health centres of the Spanish National Health System. Unit of randomization: family physician. Unit of analysis: patient. Population Patients aged 65–74 years with multimorbidity (≥ 3 chronic diseases) and polypharmacy (≥ 5 drugs) during the previous 3 months were included. Sample size n = 1148 patients (574 per study arm). Intervention Complex intervention based on the ARIADNE principles with three components: (1) family physician (FP) training, (2) FP-patient interview, and (3) decision-making support system. Outcomes The primary outcome is a composite endpoint of hospital admission or death during the observation period measured as a binary outcome, and the secondary outcomes are number of hospital admission, all-cause mortality, use of health services, quality of life (EQ-5D-5L), functionality (WHODAS), falls, hip fractures, prescriptions and adherence to treatment. Clinical and sociodemographic factors will be explanatory variables. Statistical analysis The main result is the difference in percentages in the final composite endpoint variable at 18 months, with its corresponding 95% CI. Adjustments by the main confounding and prognostic factors will be performed through a multilevel analysis. All analyses will be carried out in accordance to the intention-to-treat principle. Discussion It is important to prevent the cascade of negative health and health care impacts attributable to the multimorbidity-polypharmacy binomial. ICT-enhanced routine clinical practice could improve the prescription process in patient care. Trial registration NCT04147130. Registered on 22 October 2019
dc.subjectPatient-centred careen
dc.subjectMedication reconciliationen
dc.subjectPrimary health careen
dc.subjectCluster randomized controlled trialen
dc.subjectR Medicineen
dc.titleEffectiveness of the MULTIPAP Plus intervention in youngest-old patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy aimed at improving prescribing practices in primary care : study protocol of a cluster randomized trialen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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