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dc.contributor.authorWitvliet, Charlotte V.O.
dc.contributor.authorJang, Sung Joon
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Byron
dc.contributor.authorEvans, C. Stephen
dc.contributor.authorBerry, Jack
dc.contributor.authorLeman, Joseph
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Robert
dc.contributor.authorPeteet, John
dc.contributor.authorTorrance, Andrew B.
dc.contributor.authorHayden, Ashley
dc.identifier.citationWitvliet , C V O , Jang , S J , Johnson , B , Evans , C S , Berry , J , Leman , J , Roberts , R , Peteet , J , Torrance , A B & Hayden , A 2022 , ' Accountability : construct definition and measurement of a virtue vital to flourishing ' , The Journal of Positive Psychology , vol. Latest Articles .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 280945720
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e92d2439-43da-4b6f-8da1-f9bb762bf429
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5604-8247/work/117568891
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85136152601
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000842553100001
dc.descriptionThis work was supported by a grant from the Templeton Religion Trust (TRT0171).en
dc.description.abstractEmbracing accountability to others for one’s responsibilities within relationships is important for flourishing, yet underexamined. An interdisciplinary team defined the construct of accountability and developed an 11-item single-factor Accountability Scale. In national samples with US census demographic representation (total N = 1257), we conducted psychometric analyses using methods from classical test theory (exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses) and item response theory. The Accountability Scale demonstrated internal consistency, construct validity, test-retest reliability, and incremental validity. Accountability correlated positively with relational variables (agreeableness, empathy) responsibility-oriented variables (conscientiousness, self-regulation), virtues (gratitude, forgiveness, limitations-owning humility), relational repair, perceived meaning presence, and flourishing, inversely with symptoms (personality disorders, temper, anxiety, depression), and weakly with searching for meaning and social desirability. Accountability scores superseded demographic variables, conscientiousness, and agreeableness to predict relational repair, perceived presence of meaning in life, and flourishing. We offer the accountability construct and scale to advance human flourishing research and applied work.
dc.relation.ispartofThe Journal of Positive Psychologyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.en
dc.subjectMeaning in lifeen
dc.subjectScale developmenten
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleAccountability : construct definition and measurement of a virtue vital to flourishingen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorTempleton Religion Trusten
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Divinityen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.grantnumber30390122-02 / TRT0171en

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