Summer temperature variability since 1730 CE across the low-to-mid latitudes of western North America from a tree ring blue intensity network
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Regional reconstructions of air temperature over the past millennium provide critical context for ongoing climate change, but they are temporally limited in the recent period or absent for many parts of the world. We demonstrate the use of latewood blue intensity (LWB) to reconstruct current-year growing (warm) season maximum temperatures (Tmax) in the low-to-mid latitudes (30°-50°N) of western North America. We present a new tree ring network comprised of 26 LWB chronologies developed from living, high-elevation Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.) sampled across the western United States. The LWB parameter shows strong, positive (r = 0.65–0.73), and temporally-stable correlations with growing season Tmax. From this network we present 4 regional Tmax reconstructions, which characterize regional temperature histories across western North America from northern Mexico to southern British Columbia over the past 4 centuries. Our comparison of these 4 temperature reconstructions highlights the spatial patterns of regional temperature trends throughout time. These reconstructions provide important updates and increased data point density to the tree ring temperature proxy network of the Northern Hemisphere. We highlight the use of blue intensity methods at both low- and mid-latitude upper tree line locations to increase the presence of strongly temperature-sensitive records at increasingly lower latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere.
Heeter , K J , Harley , G L , Maxwell , J T , Wilson , R J , Abatzoglou , J T , Rayback , S A , Rochner , M L & Kitchens , K A 2021 , ' Summer temperature variability since 1730 CE across the low-to-mid latitudes of western North America from a tree ring blue intensity network ' , Quaternary Science Reviews , vol. 267 , 107064 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107064
Quaternary Science Reviews
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107064
DescriptionThis project was supported by the National Science Foundation under BCS- 2012482, BCS-1759694, and AGS-2002524, the United States Forest Service, the University of Idaho, and Indiana University Institute for Advanced Studies.
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