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dc.contributor.authorSoldati, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorFedurek, Pawel
dc.contributor.authorCrockford, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorAdue, Sam
dc.contributor.authorAkankwasa, John Walter
dc.contributor.authorAsiimwe, Caroline
dc.contributor.authorAsua, Jackson
dc.contributor.authorAtayo, Gideon
dc.contributor.authorChandia, Boscou
dc.contributor.authorFreymann, Elodie
dc.contributor.authorFryns, Caroline
dc.contributor.authorMuhumaza, Geresomu
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Derry
dc.contributor.authorZuberbühler, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorHobaiter, Cat
dc.identifier.citationSoldati , A , Fedurek , P , Crockford , C , Adue , S , Akankwasa , J W , Asiimwe , C , Asua , J , Atayo , G , Chandia , B , Freymann , E , Fryns , C , Muhumaza , G , Taylor , D , Zuberbühler , K & Hobaiter , C 2022 , ' Dead-infant carrying by chimpanzee mothers in the Budongo Forest ' , Primates , vol. First Online .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8378-088X/work/115941448
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3893-0524/work/115941462
dc.descriptionA.S.’s fieldwork was supported by the European Research Council project grant to C.C. (grant agreement number 679787). C.H. is supported by funding from the European Union’s 8th Framework Programme, Horizon 2020 (grant agreement number 802719).en
dc.description.abstractIt has been suggested that non-human primates can respond to deceased conspecifics in ways that suggest they experience psychological states not unlike humans, some of which could indicate they exhibit a notion of death. Here, we report long-term demographic data from two East African chimpanzee groups. During a combined 40-year observation period, we recorded 191 births of which 68 died in infancy, mostly within the first year. We documented the post-mortem behaviour of the mothers and describe nine occasions where Budongo chimpanzee mothers carried infants for 1–3 days after their death, usually until the body started to decompose. We also observed three additional cases of extended carrying lasting for more than 2 weeks, one of which was followed by the unusual extended carrying of an object and another which lasted 3 months. In each case, the corpses mummified. In addition, we report four instances of recurring dead-infant carrying by mothers, three of whom carried the corpse for longer during the second instance. We discuss these observations in view of functional hypotheses of dead-infant carrying in primates and the potential proximate mechanisms involved in this behaviour.
dc.subjectInfant corpse carryingen
dc.subjectPan troglodytesen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleDead-infant carrying by chimpanzee mothers in the Budongo Foresten
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Research Councilen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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