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dc.contributor.authorBavaj, Riccardo
dc.identifier.citationBavaj , R 2022 , ' Cold War liberalism in West Germany : Richard Löwenthal and ‘Western civilization’ ' , History of European Ideas , vol. Latest Articles .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 280082033
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: ecc743e2-2b1b-4f43-98c3-2c4a3b3e7dc0
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-3653-0225/work/115631218
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85133440676
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000821008200001
dc.description.abstractRichard Löwenthal’s response to the challenges of ‘1968’ was more complex than that of most of his liberal colleagues. He did not simply remain beholden to the interpretative patterns of a German ‘special path’ (Sonderweg). He also, and increasingly so, drew on the conceptual framework of ‘Western civilization’ to make sense of and cope with the socio-cultural transformations of his times. What many like-minded intellectuals perceived solely as a ‘deviation from the West’, he also viewed as a ‘crisis of the West’. This article argues that this transnationally ‘Western’ stance was part and parcel of Löwenthal’s intellectual profile as ‘cold war liberal’. This was a relatively rare species in Cold War Germany, and Löwenthal was rather exceptional in his sustained engagement with the topic of ‘Western civilization’. Compared with luminaries such as Carl Joachim Friedrich, Ernst Fraenkel or Karl Loewenstein, Richard Löwenthal may be lesser known in English-speaking scholarship, but he makes for a particularly instructive case when discussing ‘cold war liberalism’ in West Germany. With its focus on the spatialization of political thought, and ‘the West’ as a spatial imaginary, this article also seeks to contribute to the growing discussion of how to ‘spatialize’ intellectual history.
dc.relation.ispartofHistory of European Ideasen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectThe Westen
dc.subjectIntellectual historyen
dc.subjectCold Waren
dc.subjectSpatial historyen
dc.subjectDD Germanyen
dc.subjectJC Political theoryen
dc.titleCold War liberalism in West Germany : Richard Löwenthal and ‘Western civilization’en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Institute for Transnational & Spatial Historyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Historyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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