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dc.contributor.authorBonnet, Timothée
dc.contributor.authorMorrissey, Michael B.
dc.contributor.authorde Villemereuil, Pierre
dc.contributor.authorAlberts, Susan C.
dc.contributor.authorArcese, Peter
dc.contributor.authorBailey, Liam D.
dc.contributor.authorBoutin, Stan
dc.contributor.authorBrekke, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorBrent, Lauren J. N.
dc.contributor.authorCamenisch, Glauco
dc.contributor.authorCharmantier, Anne
dc.contributor.authorClutton-Brock, Tim H.
dc.contributor.authorCockburn, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorColtman, David W.
dc.contributor.authorCourtiol, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorDavidian, Eve
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Simon R.
dc.contributor.authorEwen, John G.
dc.contributor.authorFesta-Bianchet, Marco
dc.contributor.authorde Franceschi, Christophe
dc.contributor.authorGustafsson, Lars
dc.contributor.authorHöner, Oliver P.
dc.contributor.authorHouslay, Thomas M.
dc.contributor.authorKeller, Lukas F.
dc.contributor.authorManser, Marta
dc.contributor.authorMcAdam, Andrew G.
dc.contributor.authorMcLean, Emily
dc.contributor.authorNietlisbach, Pirmin
dc.contributor.authorOsmond, Helen L.
dc.contributor.authorPemberton, Josephine M.
dc.contributor.authorPostma, Erik
dc.contributor.authorReid, Jane M.
dc.contributor.authorRutschmann, Alexis
dc.contributor.authorSanture, Anna W.
dc.contributor.authorSheldon, Ben C.
dc.contributor.authorSlate, Jon
dc.contributor.authorTeplitsky, Céline
dc.contributor.authorVisser, Marcel E.
dc.contributor.authorWachter, Bettina
dc.contributor.authorKruuk, Loeske E. B.
dc.identifier.citationBonnet , T , Morrissey , M B , de Villemereuil , P , Alberts , S C , Arcese , P , Bailey , L D , Boutin , S , Brekke , P , Brent , L J N , Camenisch , G , Charmantier , A , Clutton-Brock , T H , Cockburn , A , Coltman , D W , Courtiol , A , Davidian , E , Evans , S R , Ewen , J G , Festa-Bianchet , M , de Franceschi , C , Gustafsson , L , Höner , O P , Houslay , T M , Keller , L F , Manser , M , McAdam , A G , McLean , E , Nietlisbach , P , Osmond , H L , Pemberton , J M , Postma , E , Reid , J M , Rutschmann , A , Santure , A W , Sheldon , B C , Slate , J , Teplitsky , C , Visser , M E , Wachter , B & Kruuk , L E B 2022 , ' Genetic variance in fitness indicates rapid contemporary adaptive evolution in wild animals ' , Science , vol. 376 , no. 6596 , pp. 1012-1016 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 279879915
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 8107a1ea-680d-4fe0-bfe4-fd2f7b953136
dc.identifier.otherJisc: 371765
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85127692525
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000805850000039
dc.descriptionFunding: Hoge Veluwe great tits: the NIOO-KNAW, ERC, and numerous funding agencies; Wytham great tits: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, ERC, and the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC).en
dc.description.abstractThe rate of adaptive evolution, the contribution of selection to genetic changes that increase mean fitness, is determined by the additive genetic variance in individual relative fitness. To date, there are few robust estimates of this parameter for natural populations, and it is therefore unclear whether adaptive evolution can play a meaningful role in short-term population dynamics. We developed and applied quantitative genetic methods to long-term datasets from 19 wild bird and mammal populations and found that, while estimates vary between populations, additive genetic variance in relative fitness is often substantial and, on average, twice that of previous estimates. We show that these rates of contemporary adaptive evolution can affect population dynamics and hence that natural selection has the potential to partly mitigate effects of current environmental change.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.en
dc.subjectQH426 Geneticsen
dc.titleGenetic variance in fitness indicates rapid contemporary adaptive evolution in wild animalsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Bioinformatics Uniten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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