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dc.contributor.authorRobbins, James R.
dc.contributor.authorBouchet, Phil J.
dc.contributor.authorMiller, David L.
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Peter G.H.
dc.contributor.authorWaggitt, James
dc.contributor.authorFord, Alex T.
dc.contributor.authorMarley, Sarah A.
dc.identifier.citationRobbins , J R , Bouchet , P J , Miller , D L , Evans , P G H , Waggitt , J , Ford , A T & Marley , S A 2022 , ' Shipping in the north-east Atlantic : identifying spatial and temporal patterns of change ' , Marine Pollution Bulletin , vol. 179 , 113681 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 279577729
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 521bc781-11d1-4e76-b7df-09cd71508d05
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:B2AD5C168922041E83042F3970043FE4
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2144-2049/work/113061358
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85130639760
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000809639500003
dc.descriptionThis work was supported by a faculty PhD bursary from the University of Portsmouth. Work was supported by the Marine Ecosystems Research Programme.en
dc.description.abstractMaritime traffic is increasing globally, with a four-fold increase in commercial vessel movements between 1992 and 2012. Vessels contribute to noise and air pollution, provide pathways for non-native species, and collide with marine wildlife. While knowledge of shipping trends and potential environmental impacts exists at both local and global levels, key information on vessel density for regional-scale management is lacking. This study presents the first in-depth spatio-temporal analysis of shipping in the north-east Atlantic region, over three years in a five-year period. Densities increased by 34%, including in 73% of Marine Protected Areas. Western Scotland and the Bay of Biscay experienced the largest increases in vessel density, predominantly from small and slow vessels. Given well-documented impacts that shipping can have on the marine environment, it is crucial that this situation continues to be monitored – particularly in areas designated to protect vulnerable species and ecosystems which may already be under pressure.
dc.relation.ispartofMarine Pollution Bulletinen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.subjectMarine conservationen
dc.subjectMarine protected areaen
dc.subjectMaritime trafficen
dc.subjectAutomatic identification systemen
dc.subjectVessel densityen
dc.subjectGeneralized additive modelen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleShipping in the north-east Atlantic : identifying spatial and temporal patterns of changeen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Mathematics and Statisticsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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