Euclid-Roman joint microlensing survey: early mass measurement, free floating planets and exomoons
MetadataShow full item record
Altmetrics Handle Statistics
Altmetrics DOI Statistics
As the Kepler mission has done for hot exoplanets, the ESA Euclid and NASA Roman missions have the potential to create a breakthrough in our understanding of the demographics of cool exoplanets, including unbound, or "free-floating", planets (FFPs). In this study, we demonstrate the complementarity of the two missions and propose two joint-surveys to better constrain the mass and distance of microlensing events. We first demonstrate that an early brief Euclid survey (7 h) of the Roman microlensing fields will allow the measurement of a large fraction of events relative proper motions and lens magnitudes. Then, we study the potential of simultaneous observations by Roman and Euclid to enable the measurement of the microlensing parallax for the shortest microlensing events. Using detailed simulations of the joint detection yield we show that within one year Roman-Euclid observations will be at least an order of magnitude more sensitive than current ground-based measurements. Depending on the exact distribution of FFP, a joint Roman-Euclid campaign should detect around 130 FFP events within a year, including 110 with measured parallax that strongly constrain the FFP mass, and around 30 FFP events with direct mass and distance measurements. The ability of the joint survey to completely break the microlens mass-distance-velocity degeneracy for a significant subset of events provides a unique opportunity to verify unambiguously the FFP hypothesis or else place abundance limits for FFPs between Earth and Jupiter masses that are up to two orders of magnitude stronger than provided by ground-based surveys. Finally, we study the capabilities of the joint survey to enhance the detection and charcterization of exomoons, and found that it could lead to the detection of the first exomoon.
Bachelet , E , Specht , D , Penny , M , Hundertmark , M , Awiphan , S , Beaulieu , J-P , Dominik , M , Kerins , E , Maoz , D , Meade , E , Nucita , A , Poleski , R , Ranc , C , Rhodes , J & Robin , A 2022 , ' Euclid-Roman joint microlensing survey: early mass measurement, free floating planets and exomoons ' , Astronomy & Astrophysics . https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202140351
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Copyright © 2022 ESO. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202140351.
DescriptionFunding: EB gratefully acknowledge support from NASA grant 80NSSC19K0291. The work of DS is funded by a UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) PhD studentship. EK also acknowledges support from the STFC. EB, JPB and CR’s work was carried out within the framework of the ANR project COLD-WORLDS supported by the French National Agency for Research with the reference ANR-18-CE31-0002. JPB was supported by the University of Tasmania through the UTAS Foundation, ARC grant DP200101909 and the endowed Warren Chair in Astronomy. JR was supported by NASA ROSES grant 12-EUCLID12-0004, the Nancy Grace Roman Telescope, and JPL, which is run by Caltech under a contract for NASA. RP was supported by the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange via Polish Returns 2019 grant. DM acknowledges support by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s FP7 Programme, Grant No. 833031.
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Haqq-Misra, Jacob; Som, Sanjoy; Mullan, Brendan; Loureiro, Rafael; Schwieterman, Edward; Seyler, Lauren; Mogosanu, Haritina; Frank, Adam; Wolf, Eric; Forgan, Duncan; Cockell, Charles; Sullivan, Woodruff (2018-01-07) - Working or discussion paperHuman influence on the biosphere has been evident at least since the development of widespread agriculture, and some stratigraphers have suggested that the activities of modern civilization indicate a geological epoch ...
Li, Cheng; Wang, Enci; Lin, Lin; Bershady, Matthew A.; Bundy, Kevin; Tremonti, Christy A.; Xiao, Ting; Yan, Renbin; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blanton, Michael; Cales, Sabrina; Cherinka, Brian; Cheung, Edmond; Drory, Niv; Emsellem, Eric; Fu, Hai; Gelfand, Joseph; Law, David R.; Lin, Lihwai; MacDonald, Nick; Maraston, Claudia; Masters, Karen L.; Merrifield, Michael R.; Pan, Kaike; Sanchez, S. F.; Schneider, Donald P.; Thomas, Daniel; Wake, David; Wang, Lixin; Weijmans, Anne-Marie; Wilkinson, David; Yoachim, Peter; Zhang, Kai; Zheng, Tiantian (2015-05-11) - Journal articleWe present an analysis of the data produced by the MaNGA prototype run (P-MaNGA), aiming to test how the radial gradients in recent star formation histories, as indicated by the 4000AA-break (D4000), Hdelta absorption ...
The SDSS-IV extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey : Luminous Red Galaxy Target Selection Prakash, Abhishek; Licquia, Timothy C.; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Ross, Ashley J.; Myers, Adam D.; Dawson, Kyle S.; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Percival, Will J.; Bautista, Julian E.; Comparat, Johan; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Schlegel, David J.; Tojeiro, Rita; Ho, Shirley; Lang, Dustin; Rao, Sandhya M.; McBride, Cameron K.; Ben Zhu, Guangtun; Brownstein, Joel R.; Bailey, Stephen; Bolton, Adam S.; Delubac, Timothee; Mariappan, Vivek; Blanton, Michael R.; Reid, Beth; Schneider, Donald P.; Seo, Hee-Jong; Carnero Rosell, Aurelio; Prada, Francisco (2016-06-08) - Journal articleWe describe the algorithm used to select the Luminous Red Galaxy (LRG) sample for the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV (SDSS-IV) using photometric data from both ...