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dc.contributor.authorSpoors, Felicity
dc.contributor.authorMendo, Tania
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorJames, Mark
dc.identifier.citationSpoors , F , Mendo , T , Khan , N & James , M 2021 , ' Assessing bait use by static gear fishers of the Scottish Inshore fisheries : a preliminary study ' , Fisheries Research , vol. 240 , 105974 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 273886308
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: b5d1269f-8023-484b-89c6-dbd48a7fb64d
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:A7E056BA51CE0B19BE3C807F32CA1B1B
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-7182-1725/work/92775301
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85104399451
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000663332400007
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-5547-9595/work/108119070
dc.description.abstractApproximately 70 % of the Scottish fishing fleet target shellfish using baited creels. Bait is an essential component of catch success, but the economic and environmental implications of bait use are unknown. In this preliminary study, a short survey was circulated to members of the Scottish inshore creeling fleet and analysed alongside spatial data from 8 creel fishing vessels. Bait biomass, input into coastal waters through creeling activity, was calculated along with bait types, motivations surrounding the discarding of used bait and the annual estimated spatial concentration. Findings indicate that preferred bait types differ with geographic location and cost the creeling sector approximately £9.8 million annually at the time of the survey, equating to 16.3 % of the nominal 2018 shellfish landing value. Data from this research suggests that approximately 13,492 metric tonnes of bait biomass enters coastal Scottish waters through creeling activities annually. Vessel tracks showed fishers returning to certain fishing grounds repeatedly, indicating that bait biomass input is highly localised. Hotspots of fishing activity were calculated to receive up to 75 kg ha−1 and 47 kg ha−1 of bait biomass per fisher annually when fishing Nephrops and crab/ lobster, respectively. Bait discarding occurs most frequently at the fishing grounds with convenience being the main motivation. This study provides a baseline for future studies and prompts the consideration of bait use in the management of creel fisheries.
dc.relation.ispartofFisheries Researchen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectCoastal fisheriesen
dc.subjectBait biomassen
dc.subjectCreel fishingen
dc.subjectFisher knowledgeen
dc.subjectFisheries managementen
dc.subjectSH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Anglingen
dc.titleAssessing bait use by static gear fishers of the Scottish Inshore fisheries : a preliminary studyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Coastal Resources Management Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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