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dc.contributor.authorOkafor-Yarwood, Ife
dc.contributor.authorAdewumi, Ibukun Jacob
dc.identifier.citationOkafor-Yarwood , I & Adewumi , I J 2020 , ' Toxic waste dumping in the Global South as a form of environmental racism : evidence from the Gulf of Guinea ' , African Studies , vol. Latest Articles .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 270909743
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 8dc531c6-ce60-4f9c-83b6-941acbf52e02
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85092630174
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4952-9979/work/82788924
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000578299500001
dc.description.abstractToxic waste is chemical compounds that, when ingested or inhaled, can cause physiological impairment and, in extreme cases, death. It is also known for its detrimental effect on the environment when disposed of in an unsafe manner. Yet, countries in the Gulf of Guinea continue to be targeted by Western waste-brokers notwithstanding the existence of laws prohibiting the transboundary disposal of such materials. There is also a rise in the export of electronic waste (e-waste) from developed countries to countries in the region, purportedly as reusable electronics, much of which ends up in landfills. The primitive recycling techniques of this e-waste undermines the health of the local populations and their environment due to inadequate care of the heavy metal and toxin content. Drawing on examples from Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria and Ghana, this paper argues that toxic waste dumping in the Gulf of Guinea amounts to environmental racism. The article makes recommendations relating to the challenges of toxic waste dumping in the Gulf of Guinea, including the need for countries to implement the provisions of the Basel and Bamako conventions in their entirety, recognise acts of environmental racism as violations of human rights, and for young people to rise to the occasion as ‘agents of change’.
dc.relation.ispartofAfrican Studiesen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group, on behalf of the University of Witwatersrand. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectBamako conventionen
dc.subjectBasel conventionen
dc.subjectEnvironmental justiceen
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.titleToxic waste dumping in the Global South as a form of environmental racism : evidence from the Gulf of Guineaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Geographies of Sustainability, Society, Inequalities and Possibilitiesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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