Beyond the energy gap law : the influence of selection rules and host compound effects on nonradiative transition rates in boltzmann thermometers
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Apart from the energy gap law, control parameters over nonradiative transitions are so far only scarcely regarded. In this work, the impact of both covalence of the lanthanoid–ligand bond and varying bond distance on the magnitude of the intrinsic nonradiative decay rate between the excited 6P5/2 and 6P7/2 spin–orbit levels of Gd3+ is investigated in the chemically related compounds Y2[B2(SO4)6] and LaBO3. Analysis of the temperature-dependent luminescence spectra reveals that the intrinsic nonradiative transition rates between the excited 6PJ ( J = 5/2, 7/2) levels are of the order of only 10 ms−1 (Y2[B2(SO4)6]:Gd3+: 8.9 ms−1; LaBO3:Gd3+: 10.5 ms−1) and differ due to the different degree of covalence of the Gd—O bonds in the two compounds. Comparison to the established luminescent Boltzmann thermometer Er3+ reveals, however, that the nonradiative transition rates between the excited levels of Gd3+ are over three orders of magnitude slower despite a similar energy gap and the presence of a single resonant phonon mode. This hints to a fundamental magnetic dipolar character of the nonradiative coupling in Gd3+. These findings can pave a way to control nonradiative transition rates and how to tune the dynamic range of luminescent Boltzmann thermometers.
Netzsch , P , Hämmer , M , Turgunbajew , E , van Swieten , T P , Meijerink , A , Höppe , H A & Suta , M 2022 , ' Beyond the energy gap law : the influence of selection rules and host compound effects on nonradiative transition rates in boltzmann thermometers ' , Advanced Optical Materials , vol. 10 , no. 11 , 2200059 . https://doi.org/10.1002/adom.202200059
Advanced Optical Materials
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Advanced Optical Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
DescriptionP.N. and M.H. contributed equally to this work. H.A.H., P.N., M.H., and E.T. thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for generous support (Project HO 4503/5-1). Open access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
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