Expression and immunogenicity of secreted forms of bovine ephemeral fever virus glycoproteins applied to subunit vaccine development
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Aims Vaccines for bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) are available but are difficult to produce, expensive, or suffer from genetic instability. Therefore, we designed constructs encoding C-terminally truncated forms (transmembrane anchoring region deleted) of glycoproteins G and GNS such that they were secreted from the cell into the media to achieve high-level antigen expression, correct glycosylation pattern, and enable further simple purification with the V5 epitope tag. Methods and Results In this study, synthetic biology was employed to create membrane-bound and secreted forms of G and GNS glycoprotein. Mammalian cell culture was employed as an antigen expression platform, and the secreted forms of G and GNS protein were easily purified from media by using a highly effective, single-step method. The V5 epitope tag was genetically fused to the C-termini of the proteins, enabling detection of the antigen through immunoblotting and immunomicroscopy. Our data demonstrated that the C-terminally truncated form of the G glycoprotein was efficiently secreted from cells into the cell media. Moreover, the immunogenicity was confirmed in mice test. Conclusions The immuno-dot blots showed that the truncated G glycoprotein was present in the total cell extract, and was clearly secreted into the media, consistent with the western blotting data and live-cell images. Our strategy presented the expression of secreted, epitope-tagged, forms of the BEFV glycoproteins such that appropriately glycosylated forms of BEFV G protein was secreted from the BHK-21 cells. This indicates that high-level expression of secreted G glycoprotein is a feasible strategy for large-scale production of vaccines and improving vaccine efficacy. Significance and Impact of the Study The antigen expression strategy designed in this study can produce high-quality recombinant protein and reduce the amount of antigen used in the vaccine.
Lo , Y-T , Tulloch , F , Wu , H-C , Luke , G A , Ryan , M D & Chu , C-Y 2021 , ' Expression and immunogenicity of secreted forms of bovine ephemeral fever virus glycoproteins applied to subunit vaccine development ' , Journal of Applied Microbiology , vol. 131 , no. 3 , pp. 1123-1135 . https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.15044
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Copyright © 2021 The Society for Applied Microbiology. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.15044
DescriptionThis study was support by grants from the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST-106-2911-I-020-501; MOST-107-2313-B-020-011-MY3) and the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/P025080/1).
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