The contribution of non-classical CHax∙∙∙OC hydrogen bonds to the anomeric effect in fluoro and oxa-methoxycyclohexanes
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In this theory study we demonstrate the dominance of non-classical 1,3-diaxial CHax∙∙∙OC hydrogen bonds (NCHBs) dictating a ‘pseudo‘ anomeric effect in selectively fluorinated methoxycyclohexanes and also influencing the axial preference in the classical anomeric exhibitor 2-methoxytetrahydropyran, a phenomenon which is most often described as a consequence of hyperconjugation. Analogues of methoxycyclohexane where ring CH2’s are replaced by CF2 can switch to an axial preference and theory methods (NBO, QTAIM, NCI) indicate the dominance of 1,3- CHax∙∙∙OMe interactions over hyperconjugation. For 2-methoxytetrahydropyran, it is revealed that the global contribution to the anomeric effect is from electrostatic interactions including NCHBs, not hyperconjugation, although hyperconjugation (nO→σ *CO or nO →σ*CC) remains the main contributor to the exo-anomeric phenomenon. When two and three ether oxygens are introduced into the ring, then both the NCHB interactions and hyperconjugative contributions become weaker, not stronger as might have been anticipated, and the equatorial anomers progressively dominate.
Piscelli , B , O'Hagan , D & Cormanich , R 2021 , ' The contribution of non-classical CH ax ∙∙∙OC hydrogen bonds to the anomeric effect in fluoro and oxa-methoxycyclohexanes ' , Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , vol. 23 , no. 10 , pp. 5845-5851 . https://doi.org/10.1039/D0CP06646J
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1039/D0CP06646J
DescriptionAuthors thank FAPESP, CONFAP and The UK Academies FAPESP for a São Paulo International Research Collaboration (FAPESP #2019/05028-7). FAPESP is also gratefully acknowledge for an undergraduate fellowship to BAP (#2019/03855-3), and a Young Research Award to RAC (#2018/03910-1). CENAPAD-SP, CESUP and SDumont are acknowledged for computational resources used in the theory calculations. We also thank EPSRC for a grant (EP/S030506/1).
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