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dc.contributor.authorLjungqvist, Fredrik Charpentier
dc.contributor.authorSeim, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorTegel, Willy
dc.contributor.authorKrusic, Paul J.
dc.contributor.authorBaittinger, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorBelingard, Christelle
dc.contributor.authorBernabei, Mauro
dc.contributor.authorBonde, Niels
dc.contributor.authorBorghaerts, Paul
dc.contributor.authorCouturier, Yann
dc.contributor.authorCrone, Anne
dc.contributor.authorvan Daalen, Sjoerd
dc.contributor.authorDaly, Aoife
dc.contributor.authorDoeve, Petra
dc.contributor.authorDomínguez-Delmás, Marta
dc.contributor.authorEdouard, Jean-Louis
dc.contributor.authorFrank, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorGinzler, Christian
dc.contributor.authorGrabner, Michael
dc.contributor.authorGschwind, Friederike M.
dc.contributor.authorHaneca, Kristof
dc.contributor.authorHansson, Anton
dc.contributor.authorHerzig, Franz
dc.contributor.authorHeussner, Karl-Uwe
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, Jutta
dc.contributor.authorHoubrechts, David
dc.contributor.authorKaczka, Ryszard J.
dc.contributor.authorKolář, Tomáš
dc.contributor.authorKontic, Raymond
dc.contributor.authorKyncl, Tomáš
dc.contributor.authorLabbas, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorLagerås, Per
dc.contributor.authorLe Digol, Yannick
dc.contributor.authorLe Roy, Melaine
dc.contributor.authorLeuschner, Hanns Hubert
dc.contributor.authorLinderson, Hans
dc.contributor.authorLudlow, Francis
dc.contributor.authorMarais, Axel
dc.contributor.authorMills, Coralie M.
dc.contributor.authorNeyses-Eiden, Mechthild
dc.contributor.authorNicolussi, Kurt
dc.contributor.authorPerrault, Christophe
dc.contributor.authorPfeifer, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorRybníček, Michal
dc.contributor.authorRzepecki, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorSchmidhalter, Martin
dc.contributor.authorSeifert, Mathias
dc.contributor.authorShindo, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorSpyt, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorSusperregi, Josué
dc.contributor.authorSvarva, Helene Løvstrand
dc.contributor.authorThun, Terje
dc.contributor.authorWalder, Felix
dc.contributor.authorWażny, Tomasz
dc.contributor.authorWerthe, Elise
dc.contributor.authorWestphal, Thorsten
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Rob
dc.contributor.authorBüntgen, Ulf
dc.identifier.citationLjungqvist , F C , Seim , A , Tegel , W , Krusic , P J , Baittinger , C , Belingard , C , Bernabei , M , Bonde , N , Borghaerts , P , Couturier , Y , Crone , A , van Daalen , S , Daly , A , Doeve , P , Domínguez-Delmás , M , Edouard , J-L , Frank , T , Ginzler , C , Grabner , M , Gschwind , F M , Haneca , K , Hansson , A , Herzig , F , Heussner , K-U , Hofmann , J , Houbrechts , D , Kaczka , R J , Kolář , T , Kontic , R , Kyncl , T , Labbas , V , Lagerås , P , Le Digol , Y , Le Roy , M , Leuschner , H H , Linderson , H , Ludlow , F , Marais , A , Mills , C M , Neyses-Eiden , M , Nicolussi , K , Perrault , C , Pfeifer , K , Rybníček , M , Rzepecki , A , Schmidhalter , M , Seifert , M , Shindo , L , Spyt , B , Susperregi , J , Svarva , H L , Thun , T , Walder , F , Ważny , T , Werthe , E , Westphal , T , Wilson , R & Büntgen , U 2022 , ' Regional patterns of Late Medieval and Early Modern European building activity revealed by felling dates ' , Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution , vol. 9 , 825751 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 277877793
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 9bd82c2f-54a0-4ce8-9286-0e730522076e
dc.identifier.otherJisc: 64417
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4486-8904/work/108508281
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000755459500001
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85124532055
dc.descriptionFCL and AS were supported by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet, grant no. 2018-01272). FCL conducted the work with this article as a Pro Futura Scientia XIII Fellow funded by the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study through Riksbankens Jubileumsfond. WT was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG, TE 613/3-1). AD received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 677152). AH was supported by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (grant no. IN20-0026). MD-D was funded by the Dutch Research Council (Nederlandse organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, grant no. 016.Veni.195.502). TK, MR, and UB were supported the SustES project – “Adaptation strategies for sustainable ecosystem services and food security under adverse environmental conditions” (CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000797). LS was supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy – EXC 2150 ROOTS – 390870439. FL was supported by a European Research Council (ERC) Synergy Grant (4-OCEANS; grant agreement no. 951649) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.en
dc.description.abstractAlthough variations in building activity are a useful indicator of societal well-being and demographic development, historical datasets for larger regions and longer periods are still rare. Here, we present 54,045 annually precise dendrochronological felling dates from historical construction timber from across most of Europe between 1250 and 1699 CE to infer variations in building activity. We use geostatistical techniques to compare spatiotemporal dynamics in past European building activity against independent demographic, economic, social and climatic data. We show that the felling dates capture major geographical patterns of demographic trends, especially in regions with dense data coverage. A particularly strong negative association is found between grain prices and the number of felling dates. In addition, a significant positive association is found between the number of felling dates and mining activity. These strong associations, with well-known macro-economic indicators from pre-industrial Europe, corroborate the use of felling dates as an independent source for exploring large-scale fluctuations of societal well-being and demographic development. Three prominent examples are the building boom in the Hanseatic League region of northeastern Germany during the 13th century, the onset of the Late Medieval Crisis in much of Europe c. 1300, and the cessation of building activity in large parts of central Europe during armed conflicts such as the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648 CE). Despite new insights gained from our European-wide felling date inventory, further studies are needed to investigate changes in construction activity of high versus low status buildings, and of urban versus rural buildings, and to compare those results with a variety of historical documentary sources and natural proxy archives.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Ecology and Evolutionen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 Ljungqvist, Seim, Tegel, Krusic, Baittinger, Belingard, Bernabei, Bonde, Borghaerts, Couturier, Crone, van Daalen, Daly, Doeve, Domínguez-Delmás, Edouard, Frank, Ginzler, Grabner, Gschwind, Haneca, Hansson, Herzig, Heussner, Hofmann, Houbrechts, Kaczka, Kolář, Kontic, Kyncl, Labbas, Lagerås, Le Digol, Le Roy, Leuschner, Linderson, Ludlow, Marais, Mills, Neyses-Eiden, Nicolussi, Perrault, Pfeifer, Rybníček, Rzepecki, Schmidhalter, Seifert, Shindo, Spyt, Susperregi, Svarva, Thun, Walder, Ważny, Werthe, Westphal, Wilson and Büntgen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectEcology and Evolutionen
dc.subjectCultural heritageen
dc.subjectFelling datesen
dc.subjectHistorical demographyen
dc.subjectCC Archaeologyen
dc.subjectSDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutionsen
dc.titleRegional patterns of Late Medieval and Early Modern European building activity revealed by felling datesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Earth & Environmental Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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