Oxidative stress, metabolic activity and mercury concentrations in Antarctic krill Euphausia superba and myctophid fish of the Southern Ocean
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Indicators of oxidative stress and metabolic capacity are key factors in understanding the fitness of wild populations. In the present study, these factors were evaluated in the pelagic Southern Ocean taxa Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) and myctophid fish (Electrona antarctica, Gymnoscopelus braueri and G. nicholsi) to establish a baseline record for future studies. Mercury (Hg) concentrations were also analysed to evaluate its potential impacts on species biochemical performance. E. superba had higher metabolic activity than most of the myctophid species, which may explain the comparatively lower energy reserves found in the former. The activity of antioxidant enzymes showed, generally, a lower level in E. superba than in the myctophid species. The lack of any relationship between Hg concentrations and organisms' antioxidant and biotransformation defence mechanisms indicate that levels of Hg accumulated in the studied species were not high enough to affect their biochemical processes adversely.
Seco , J , Freitas , R , Xavier , J C , Bustamante , P , Coelho , J P , Coppola , F , Saunders , R A , Almeida , Â , Fielding , S , Pardal , M A , Stowasser , G , Pompeo , G , Tarling , G A , Brierley , A S & Pereira , E 2021 , ' Oxidative stress, metabolic activity and mercury concentrations in Antarctic krill Euphausia superba and myctophid fish of the Southern Ocean ' , Marine Pollution Bulletin , vol. 166 , 112178 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112178
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112178.
DescriptionAuthors acknowledge the financial support of the Portuguese Foundation for the Science and Technology (FCT) through PhD grants to José Seco (SRFH/PD/BD/113487), Francesca Coppola (SFRH/BD/118582/2016) and Ângela Almeida (SFRH/BD/110218/2015), and the Portuguese Polar Program PROPOLAR. This study also benefited from the strategic program of MARE (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre) financed by FCT (UIDB/04292/2020). João Pedro Coelho was funded by the Integrated Program of SR&TD ‘Smart Valorization of Endogenous Marine Biological Resources Under a Changing Climate’ (Centro-01-0145-FEDER-000018), co-funded by Centro 2020 program, Portugal 2020 and the European Regional Development Fund. Thanks are due for the financial support to CESAM (UIDB/50017/2020+UIDP/50017/2020) and REQUIMTE (UIDB/50006/2020). The Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) is acknowledged for its support to P. Bustamante as a Senior Member. RAS, SF, GS and GT were supported by the British Antarctic Surveys Ecosystem Programme, which is part of NERC and UKRI.
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