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dc.contributor.authorAngula, Margaret Ndapewa
dc.contributor.authorMogotsi, Immaculate
dc.contributor.authorLendelvo, Selma
dc.contributor.authorAribeb, Karl Mutani
dc.contributor.authorIteta, Aina-Maria
dc.contributor.authorThorn, Jessica
dc.identifier.citationAngula , M N , Mogotsi , I , Lendelvo , S , Aribeb , K M , Iteta , A-M & Thorn , J 2021 , ' Strengthening gender responsiveness of the Green Climate Fund ecosystem-based adaptation programme in Namibia ' , Sustainability , vol. 13 , no. 18 , 10162 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 277693701
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2b6b7bd6-5d76-4267-b6f5-f407ed70bf5b
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85114870986
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2108-2554/work/117568957
dc.descriptionThis research was funded by the Environmental Investment Fund of Namibia through GCF (project number EDA FP024) and UK Research and Innovation’s Global Challenges Research Fund (UKRI GCRF) through the Development Corridors Partnership project (project number: ES/P011500/1).en
dc.description.abstractScholars of gender and climate change argue that gender-blind climate change actions could exacerbate existing inequalities and undermine sustained climate change adaptation actions. For this reason, since 2017, the Green Climate Fund placed gender among its key programming prerequisites, making it the first multilateral climate fund to do so worldwide. However, to date, no lessons to inform planned gender-responsive ecosystem-based interventions in Namibia have been drawn from community-based natural resource management. Thus, this paper aims to share key lessons regarding the way in which gender assessment is useful in enhancing equity in an ecosystem-based adaptation programme for the Green Climate Fund. To this end, we conducted in-depth interviews and group discussions in the 14 rural regions of Namibia with 151 participants from 107 community-based natural resource management organisations (73.5:26.5; male:female ratio). The results identified gender imbalances in leadership and decision-making due to intersecting historic inequalities, ethnicity and geography, as well as other socio-cultural factors in local community-based natural resource management institutions. We also identified income disparities and unequal opportunities to diversify livelihoods, gendered differentiated impacts of climate change and meaningful participation in public forums. Overall, the assessment indicates that considering gender analysis at the initiation of a community-based climate change adaptation project is crucial for achieving resilience to climate change, closing the gender gap, building capacity to increase equity and empowering women in resource-dependent environments in Namibia and Sub-Saharan Africa more broadly.
dc.rightsCopyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.subjectAdaptive capacityen
dc.subjectClimate change adaptationen
dc.subjectCommunity-based natural resource managementen
dc.subjectCommunity-based tourismen
dc.subjectGender responsivenessen
dc.subjectGreen Climate Funden
dc.subjectNature-based solutionsen
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.titleStrengthening gender responsiveness of the Green Climate Fund ecosystem-based adaptation programme in Namibiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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