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dc.contributor.authorHu, Kai
dc.contributor.authorKeenan, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorHale, Jo Mhairi
dc.contributor.authorBorger, Tobias
dc.identifier.citationHu , K , Keenan , K , Hale , J M & Borger , T 2020 , ' The association between city-level air pollution and frailty among the elderly population in China ' , Health & Place , vol. 64 , 102362 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 268897494
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: daf9b28c-faf2-46d8-ae36-ae0e228bf4f0
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9670-1607/work/76779189
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85087121135
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000562023700003
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1343-3879/work/86538375
dc.descriptionThis study is supported by China Scholarship Council (CSC), People's Republic of China and Population and Health Research Group, School of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, United Kingdom.en
dc.description.abstractA growing body of research suggests that air pollution negatively affects specific health outcomes, but how long- and short-term exposure to air pollution are associated with frailty is unclear. Using longitudinal data from adults aged 65 and over from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) linked with air quality index data, we model a frailty score according to the city-level of air pollution exposure, adjusting for individual socio-demographic factors and city-level indicators. All models show increased frailty with higher exposure to air pollution in one year prior to the interview, when controlling for short-term fluctuations. Moreover, elderly people living in areas where air pollution increased over the follow-up had larger increases in frailty scores than those where air pollution was relatively constant. The results suggest that air pollution plays a role in healthy ageing.
dc.relation.ispartofHealth & Placeen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectAir pollutiionen
dc.subjectElderly peopleen
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.subjectH Social Sciences (General)en
dc.titleThe association between city-level air pollution and frailty among the elderly population in Chinaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Population and Health Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Geographies of Sustainability, Society, Inequalities and Possibilitiesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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