Sexual antagonism in haplodiploids
MetadataShow full item record
Females and males may face different selection pressures, such that alleles conferring a benefit in one sex may be deleterious in the other. Such sexual antagonism has received a great deal of theoretical and empirical attention, almost all of which has focused on diploids. However, a sizeable minority of animals display an alternative haplodiploid mode of inheritance, encompassing both arrhenotoky, whereby males develop from unfertilized eggs, and paternal genome elimination (PGE), whereby males receive but do not transmit a paternal genome. Alongside unusual genetics, haplodiploids often exhibit social ecologies that modulate the relative value of females and males. Here, we develop a series of evolutionary-genetic models of sexual antagonism for haplodiploids, incorporating details of their molecular biology and social ecology. We find that: (1) PGE promotes female-beneficial alleles more than arrhenotoky, and to an extent determined by the timing of elimination—and degree of silencing of—the paternal genome; (2) sib-mating relatively promotes female-beneficial alleles, as do other forms of inbreeding including limited male-dispersal, oedipal-mating, and the pseudo-hermaphroditism of Icerya purchasi; (3) resource competition between related females inhibits the invasion of female-beneficial alleles; and (4) sexual antagonism foments conflicts between parents and offspring, endosymbionts and hosts, and maternal- and paternal-origin genes.
Hitchcock , T , Gardner , A & Ross , L 2022 , ' Sexual antagonism in haplodiploids ' , Evolution , vol. 76 , no. 2 , pp. 292-309 . https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14398
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Evolution published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The Society for the Study of Evolution. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: Royal Society (Grant Number(s): DHF\R1\180120; Grant recipient(s): Laura Ross). Natural Environment Research Council (Grant Number(s): NE/K009524/1; Grant recipient(s): Andy Gardner). University of St Andrews (Grant Number(s): PhD studentship; Grant recipient(s): Thomas Hitchcock). H2020 European Research Council (Grant Number(s): 771387; Grant recipient(s): Andy Gardner).
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.