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dc.contributor.authorKarlén, Niklas
dc.contributor.authorRauta, Vladimir
dc.contributor.authorSalehyan, Idean
dc.contributor.authorMumford, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorSan-Akca, Belgin
dc.contributor.authorStark, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorWyss, Michel
dc.contributor.authorMoghadam, Assaf
dc.contributor.authorDuursma, Allard
dc.contributor.authorTamm, Henning
dc.contributor.authorJenne, Erin K.
dc.contributor.authorPopovic, Milos
dc.contributor.authorSiroky, David S.
dc.contributor.authorMeier, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorChinchilla, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorRickard, Kit
dc.contributor.authorSpatafora, Giuseppe
dc.identifier.citationKarlén , N , Rauta , V , Salehyan , I , Mumford , A , San-Akca , B , Stark , A , Wyss , M , Moghadam , A , Duursma , A , Tamm , H , Jenne , E K , Popovic , M , Siroky , D S , Meier , V , Chinchilla , A , Rickard , K & Spatafora , G 2021 , ' Forum : conflict delegation in civil wars ' , International Studies Review , vol. 23 , no. 4 , viab053 , pp. 2048–2078 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 276556830
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 42832b38-a668-4ac5-a050-1988fdf65011
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0051-5632/work/102725874
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000744050700049
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85139077847
dc.description.abstractThis forum provides an outlet for an assessment of research on the delegation of war to non-state armed groups in civil wars. Given the significant growth of studies concerned with this phenomenon over the last decade, this forum critically engages with the present state of the field. First, we canvass some of the most important theoretical developments to demonstrate the heterogeneity of the debate. Second, we expand on the theme of complexity and investigate its multiple facets as a window into pushing the debate forward. Third, we draw the contours of a future research agenda by highlighting some contemporary problems, puzzles, and challenges to empirical data collection. In essence, we seek to connect two main literatures that have been talking past each other: external support in civil wars and proxy warfare. The forum bridges this gap at a critical juncture in this new and emerging scholarship by offering space for scholarly dialogue across conceptual labels.
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Studies Reviewen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) (2021). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Studies Association. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectConflict delegationen
dc.subjectExternal supporten
dc.subjectProxy warfareen
dc.subjectCivil waren
dc.subjectPrinicpal-agent theoryen
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.subjectSDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutionsen
dc.titleForum : conflict delegation in civil warsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of International Relationsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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