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dc.contributor.authorEsquivel-Muelbert, Adriane
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Oliver L.
dc.contributor.authorBrienen, Roel J.W.
dc.contributor.authorFauset, Sophie
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Martin J.P.
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Timothy R.
dc.contributor.authorChao, Kuo Jung
dc.contributor.authorFeldpausch, Ted R.
dc.contributor.authorGloor, Emanuel
dc.contributor.authorHiguchi, Niro
dc.contributor.authorHouwing-Duistermaat, Jeanne
dc.contributor.authorLloyd, Jon
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Haiyan
dc.contributor.authorMalhi, Yadvinder
dc.contributor.authorMarimon, Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorMarimon Junior, Ben Hur
dc.contributor.authorMonteagudo-Mendoza, Abel
dc.contributor.authorPoorter, Lourens
dc.contributor.authorSilveira, Marcos
dc.contributor.authorTorre, Emilio Vilanova
dc.contributor.authorDávila, Esteban Alvarez
dc.contributor.authordel Aguila Pasquel, Jhon
dc.contributor.authorAlmeida, Everton
dc.contributor.authorLoayza, Patricia Alvarez
dc.contributor.authorAndrade, Ana
dc.contributor.authorAragão, Luiz E.O.C.
dc.contributor.authorAraujo-Murakami, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorArets, Eric
dc.contributor.authorArroyo, Luzmila
dc.contributor.authorAymard C, Gerardo A.
dc.contributor.authorBaisie, Michel
dc.contributor.authorBaraloto, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorCamargo, Plínio Barbosa
dc.contributor.authorBarroso, Jorcely
dc.contributor.authorBlanc, Lilian
dc.contributor.authorBonal, Damien
dc.contributor.authorBongers, Frans
dc.contributor.authorBoot, René
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Foster
dc.contributor.authorBurban, Benoit
dc.contributor.authorCamargo, José Luís
dc.contributor.authorCastro, Wendeson
dc.contributor.authorMoscoso, Victor Chama
dc.contributor.authorChave, Jerome
dc.contributor.authorComiskey, James
dc.contributor.authorValverde, Fernando Cornejo
dc.contributor.authorda Costa, Antonio Lola
dc.contributor.authorCardozo, Nallaret Davila
dc.contributor.authorDi Fiore, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorHonorio Coronado, Eurídice
dc.identifier.citationEsquivel-Muelbert , A , Phillips , O L , Brienen , R J W , Fauset , S , Sullivan , M J P , Baker , T R , Chao , K J , Feldpausch , T R , Gloor , E , Higuchi , N , Houwing-Duistermaat , J , Lloyd , J , Liu , H , Malhi , Y , Marimon , B , Marimon Junior , B H , Monteagudo-Mendoza , A , Poorter , L , Silveira , M , Torre , E V , Dávila , E A , del Aguila Pasquel , J , Almeida , E , Loayza , P A , Andrade , A , Aragão , L E O C , Araujo-Murakami , A , Arets , E , Arroyo , L , Aymard C , G A , Baisie , M , Baraloto , C , Camargo , P B , Barroso , J , Blanc , L , Bonal , D , Bongers , F , Boot , R , Brown , F , Burban , B , Camargo , J L , Castro , W , Moscoso , V C , Chave , J , Comiskey , J , Valverde , F C , da Costa , A L , Cardozo , N D , Di Fiore , A & Honorio Coronado , E 2020 , ' Tree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forests ' , Nature Communications , vol. 11 , 5515 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2314-590X/work/102330827
dc.descriptionFunding Information: The analysis undertaken here was largely funded by the NERC-funded TREMOR project (NE/N004655/1) to D.G., R.J.W.B., E.G. and O.L.P. A.E.-M. was funded by TREMOR and by two ERC awards (T-FORCES 291585, TreeMort 758873). D.G. acknowledges further support from a Newton-funded consortium award (ARBOLES, NE/S011811/1). O.L.P. was supported by an ERC Advanced Grant and a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. T.A.M.P. was funded by the ERC award TreeMort 758873. This is paper number 47 of the Birmingham Institute of Forest Research. T.R.F., L.E.O.C.A. and O.L.P. were supported by NERC NE/N011570/1. Support for RAINFOR has come from the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Urgency Grants and NERC Consortium Grants AMAZONICA (NE/F005806/ 1), TROBIT (NE/D005590/1) and BIO-RED (NE/N012542/1), a European Research Council (ERC) grant T-FORCES (291585), the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (#1656), the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (282664, AMAZA-LERT) and the Royal Society (CH160091). This is paper #47 of the Birmingham Institute of Forest Research (BIFoR).en
dc.description.abstractThe carbon sink capacity of tropical forests is substantially affected by tree mortality. However, the main drivers of tropical tree death remain largely unknown. Here we present a pan-Amazonian assessment of how and why trees die, analysing over 120,000 trees representing > 3800 species from 189 long-term RAINFOR forest plots. While tree mortality rates vary greatly Amazon-wide, on average trees are as likely to die standing as they are broken or uprooted—modes of death with different ecological consequences. Species-level growth rate is the single most important predictor of tree death in Amazonia, with faster-growing species being at higher risk. Within species, however, the slowest-growing trees are at greatest risk while the effect of tree size varies across the basin. In the driest Amazonian region species-level bioclimatic distributional patterns also predict the risk of death, suggesting that these forests are experiencing climatic conditions beyond their adaptative limits. These results provide not only a holistic pan-Amazonian picture of tree death but large-scale evidence for the overarching importance of the growth–survival trade-off in driving tropical tree mortality.
dc.relation.ispartofNature Communicationsen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)en
dc.subjectPhysics and Astronomy(all)en
dc.titleTree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forestsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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