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dc.contributor.authorHarfoot, Michael B. J.
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Alison
dc.contributor.authorBalmford, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorBurgess, Neil D.
dc.contributor.authorButchart, Stuart H. M.
dc.contributor.authorDias, Maria P.
dc.contributor.authorHazin, Carolina
dc.contributor.authorHilton-Taylor, Craig
dc.contributor.authorHoffmann, Michael
dc.contributor.authorIsaac, Nick J. B.
dc.contributor.authorIversen, Lars L.
dc.contributor.authorOuthwaite, Charlotte L.
dc.contributor.authorVisconti, Piero
dc.contributor.authorGeldmann, Jonas
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-24T12:30:03Z
dc.date.available2021-11-24T12:30:03Z
dc.date.issued2021-11
dc.identifier276803719
dc.identifier9e1994ef-f980-4c71-9405-0018289f4706
dc.identifier000691203100001
dc.identifier85113919416
dc.identifier.citationHarfoot , M B J , Johnston , A , Balmford , A , Burgess , N D , Butchart , S H M , Dias , M P , Hazin , C , Hilton-Taylor , C , Hoffmann , M , Isaac , N J B , Iversen , L L , Outhwaite , C L , Visconti , P & Geldmann , J 2021 , ' Using the IUCN Red List to map threats to terrestrial vertebrates at global scale ' , Nature Ecology and Evolution , vol. 5 , no. 11 , pp. 1510-1519 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01542-9en
dc.identifier.issn2397-334X
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8221-013X/work/103866027
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10023/24389
dc.descriptionFunding: This work is supported by the Cambridge Conservation Initiative collaborative grants programme (all), the EU’s Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie action (grant no. 706784, J.G.), VILLUM FONDEN (grant no. VKR023371, J.G.), Independent Research Fund Denmark’s Sapere Aude (grant no. 0165-00018B, J.G.), UK Research and Innovation’s Global Challenges Research Fund: Trade, Development and the Environment Hub project (grant no. ES/S008160/1, N.D.B and M.B.J.H) and the KR Foundation and Hempel Foundation (‘Designing a brighter future for biodiversity’, N.D.B. and M.B.J.H.)en
dc.description.abstractThe Anthropocene is characterized by unparalleled human impact on other species, potentially ushering in the sixth mass extinction. Yet mitigation efforts remain hampered by limited information on the spatial patterns and intensity of the threats driving global biodiversity loss. Here we use expert-derived information from the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List on threats to 23,271 species, representing all terrestrial amphibians, birds and mammals, to generate global maps of the six major threats to these groups: agriculture, hunting and trapping, logging, pollution, invasive species, and climate change. Our results show that agriculture and logging are pervasive in the tropics and that hunting and trapping is the most geographically widespread threat to mammals and birds. Additionally, current representations of human pressure underestimate the overall pressure on biodiversity, due to the exclusion of threats such as hunting and climate change. Alarmingly, this is particularly the case in areas of the highest biodiversity importance.
dc.format.extent23
dc.format.extent6082272
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofNature Ecology and Evolutionen
dc.subjectBiodiversityen
dc.subjectConservationen
dc.subjectInvasionen
dc.subjectWorldsen
dc.subjectLanden
dc.subjectDiversityen
dc.subjectProgressen
dc.subjectImpacten
dc.subjectLasten
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQA Mathematicsen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectDASen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.subjectSDG 15 - Life on Landen
dc.subject.lccGEen
dc.subject.lccQAen
dc.subject.lccQH301en
dc.titleUsing the IUCN Red List to map threats to terrestrial vertebrates at global scaleen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Statisticsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41559-021-01542-9
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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