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dc.contributor.authorHyland, Sabine
dc.contributor.authorLee, Christine
dc.identifier.citationHyland , S & Lee , C 2021 , ' Indigenous record keeping and hacienda culture in the Andes : modern khipu accounting on the Island of the Sun, Bolivia ' , Hispanic American Historical Review , vol. 101 , no. 3 , pp. 409-432 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 275857818
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 72a091f0-23a4-42d5-be4e-9ae6456fef10
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:2C9BE0A13A0D6838EC0F2D77E6B6DAA7
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85113668606
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000678481600002
dc.descriptionFunding: This research was funded by a grant from the Leverhulme Trust and a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowship.en
dc.description.abstractHow did khipus-knotted cords that encode information-function within the economic systems of the postcolonial Andes? Best known as the method by which the Incas recorded administrative data, khipu use continued into the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Few studies of modern khipus, however, have analyzed how khipu cords were integrated with the institutions of the modern state, such as the hacienda. This article examines a set of modern khipus from the Island of the Sun in Bolivia. These khipus, which contain dried potatoes and beans, are the first ever known to include agricultural produce. Our analysis demonstrates how the circulation of khipu styles within the Island of the Sun was linked to hacienda production, underscoring the intimate relationship between khipus and hacienda culture. Modern herding and crop khipus did not arise out of a generalized Andean consciousness but were products of specific historical and economic circumstances.
dc.relation.ispartofHispanic American Historical Reviewen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 by Duke University Press. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectGN Anthropologyen
dc.titleIndigenous record keeping and hacienda culture in the Andes : modern khipu accounting on the Island of the Sun, Boliviaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Divinityen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Social Anthropologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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