Food security in Ghanaian Urban Cities : a scoping review of the literature
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Urbanisation in Ghana could be negatively impacting the state of food security, especially in economically vulnerable groups. Food supply, safety, and quality are all aspects of food security which could be impacted. We conducted a scoping literature review to understand the nature and magnitude of evidence available on the urban food security situation in Ghana. Literature search was conducted in Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Global Health, Scopus, Web of Science, Africa Wide Information and Google Scholar to identify relevant peer-reviewed and grey literature. 45 studies, mainly cross-sectional surveys/food samples analysis, met the inclusion criteria. The majority of studies were concentrated in the Greater Accra Region (n=23). Most studies focused on food safety and quality [n=31]. Studies on supply and stability were, however, scarce. Qualitative research methods were uncommon in the included studies. The existing literature on food security are concentrated in two regions: the Greater Accra and Ashanti regions. Future studies exploring food security in urban Ghana should focus on exploring the lived experiences and perceptions of food insecurity and food stability by urban-dwellers using qualitative methods. The evidence suggesting that the safety/quality of foods sold in Ghanaian markets is poor should be a concern to consumers and policy makers.
Akparibo , R , Aryeetey , R N O , Asamane , E A , Ose-Kwasi , H A , Ioannou , E , Solar , G I , Cormie , V , Pereko , K K A , Amagloh , F K , Caton , S J & Cecil , J E 2021 , ' Food security in Ghanaian Urban Cities : a scoping review of the literature ' , Nutrients , vol. 13 , no. 10 , 3615 . https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103615
Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
DescriptionFunding: This research was funded by the University of Sheffield Global Challenges Research Fund (QR-GCRF).
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