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dc.contributor.authorWard, Vicky
dc.contributor.authorTooman, Tricia R.
dc.contributor.authorReid, Benet
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Huw
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Breid
dc.contributor.authorMear, Liz
dc.contributor.authorMarshall, Martin
dc.identifier.citationWard , V , Tooman , T R , Reid , B , Davies , H , O'Brien , B , Mear , L & Marshall , M 2021 , ' A framework to support the design and cultivation of embedded research initiatives ' , Evidence & Policy , vol. 17 , no. 4 , pp. 755-769 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 274052028
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 1d2418cd-1695-4493-87b9-95ddc2fe6af7
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2653-3695/work/93514332
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8684-0403/work/93515151
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85120733012
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000729911300010
dc.descriptionThis work was supported by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) Health Services & Delivery Research (HS&DR) programme under grant number 16/52/21.en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Embedded research involves co-locating researchers within non-academic organisations to better link research and practice. Embedded research initiatives are often complex and emergent with a range of underlying intents, structures and processes. This can create tensions within initiatives and contributes to ongoing uncertainty about the most suitable designs and the effectiveness of different approaches. Aims and objectives: We aimed to devise a practical framework to support those designing and cultivating embedded research by operationalising findings from an extensive study of existing initiatives. Key conclusions: The underpinning research on embedded initiatives – a literature review and scoping exercise of initiatives in health settings across the UK – showed that such initiatives share ten common sets of concerns in relation to their intent, structure and processes. We used these insights during a co-production workshop with embedded researchers and their managers that made use of a range of creative activities. The workshop resulted in a practical framework (and associated web-based tools) that draw on the metaphor of a garden to represent the growing, emergent nature of embedded research initiatives and the active work which individuals and organisations need to put into planning and maintaining such initiatives. Each of the aspects is represented as a separate area within the garden using relevant visual metaphors. Building on this, we also present a series of reflective questions designed to facilitate discussion and debate about design features, and we link these to the wider literature, thereby helping those involved to articulate and discuss their preferences and expectations.
dc.relation.ispartofEvidence & Policyen
dc.rightsCopyright © Bristol University Press 2020. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license ( which permits adaptation, alteration, reproduction and distribution for non-commercial use, without further permission provided the original work is attributed. The derivative works do not need to be licensed on the same terms.en
dc.subjectDesign frameworken
dc.subjectEmbedded researchen
dc.subjectKnowledge mobilisationen
dc.subjectHD28 Management. Industrial Managementen
dc.titleA framework to support the design and cultivation of embedded research initiativesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Managementen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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