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dc.contributor.authorCairns, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorAitken, Gill
dc.contributor.authorPope, Lindsey Margaret
dc.contributor.authorCecil, Joanne E.
dc.contributor.authorCunningham, Kathryn B.
dc.contributor.authorFerguson, Julie
dc.contributor.authorGibson-Smith, Katie
dc.contributor.authorGordon, Lisi
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Peter
dc.contributor.authorLaidlaw, Anita
dc.contributor.authorScanlan, Gillian Marion
dc.contributor.authorTooman, Tricia R.
dc.contributor.authorWakeling, Judy
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Kim
dc.identifier.citationCairns , P , Aitken , G , Pope , L M , Cecil , J E , Cunningham , K B , Ferguson , J , Gibson-Smith , K , Gordon , L , Johnston , P , Laidlaw , A , Scanlan , G M , Tooman , T R , Wakeling , J & Walker , K 2021 , ' Interventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis : scoping review ' , BMJ Open , vol. 11 , no. 8 , e047498 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 272488574
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 77094823-9596-4c03-90d1-9e6725989b57
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85113353001
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000686260400016
dc.descriptionThis study was supported by Chief Scientist Office of Scotland, grant number COV/ABN/20/06.en
dc.description.abstractObjectives The aim of this scoping review was to identify pre-existing interventions to support the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis and to assess the quality of these interventions. Design Arksey and O’Malley’s five-stage scoping review framework was used to identify the types of evidence available in the field of well-being interventions for healthcare workers during a pandemic. PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL and ERIC databases were searched to find interventions for the well-being of doctors during pandemics. Owing to a lack of results, this search was expanded to all healthcare workers and to include any crisis. Databases were searched in June 2020 and again in October 2020. Inclusion/exclusion criteria Articles were included that studied healthcare workers, reported an intervention design and were specifically designed for use during a pandemic or other crisis. Well-being was defined broadly and could include psychological, physical, social or educational interventions. Results Searching produced 10 529 total academic references of which 2062 were duplicates. This left 8467 references. Of these, 16 met our inclusion criteria and were included in data extraction. During data extraction, three more papers were excluded. This left 13 papers to summarise and report. Of these 13 papers, 6 were prospective studies and 7 were purely descriptive. None of the interventions were theoretically informed in their development and the quality of the evidence was generally deemed poor. Conclusions There are no high-quality, theory-based interventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis. Given that previous pandemics have been shown to have a negative effect on healthcare workers well-being, it is imperative this shortcoming is addressed. This scoping review highlights the need for high-quality, theory-based and evidence-based interventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic.
dc.relation.ispartofBMJ Openen
dc.rightsCopyright © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:
dc.subjectRA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicineen
dc.titleInterventions for the well-being of healthcare workers during a pandemic or other crisis : scoping reviewen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Population and Behavioural Science Divisionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Health Psychologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Higher Education Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Managementen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sir James Mackenzie Institute for Early Diagnosisen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Education Divisionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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