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dc.contributor.authorCerone, Michela
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Terry K
dc.identifier.citationCerone , M & Smith , T K 2021 , ' A brief journey into the history of, and future sources and uses of fatty acids ' , Frontiers in Nutrition , vol. 8 , 570401 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 274973591
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 3f9ace02-4ab5-4e62-b47a-d0f0c72b66f6
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85111939181
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000897884600001
dc.descriptionFunding: The authors would like to thank the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, University of St. Andrews, and the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Critical Resource Catalysis (CRITICAT) for financial support (Ph.D. studentship to MC; Grant code: EP/L016419/1).en
dc.description.abstractFats and lipids have always had a primarily role in the history of humankind, from the ancient civilisations to the modern and contemporary time, going from domestic and cosmetic uses, to the first medical applications and later to the large scale industrial uses for food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics and biofuel production. Sources and uses of those have changed during time following the development of chemical sciences and industrial technological advances. Plants, fish and animal fats have represented the primary source of lipids and fats for century. Nowadays the use of fatty acid sources has taken a turn: industries are mainly interested in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which have beneficial properties in human health; and also, for high-value fatty acids product for innovative and green production of biofuel and feedstocks. Thus, the constant increase in demand of fatty acids, the fact that marine and vegetable sources are not adequate to meet the high level of fatty acids required worldwide and climate change, have determined the necessity of the search for renewable and sustainable sources for fatty acids. Biotechnological advances and bioengineering have started looking at the genetic modification of algae, bacteria, yeasts, seeds and plants to develop cell-factory able to produce high value fatty acid products in renewable and sustainable manner. This innovative approach applied to FAs industry is a peculiar example of how biotechnology can serve as powerful mean to drive the production of high value fatty acid derivatives on the concept of circular bioeconomy, based on the reutilisation of organic resources for alternative and sustainable productive patterns that are environmentally friendly.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Nutritionen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 Cerone and Smith. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectPolyunsaturated fatty acidsen
dc.subjectOleaginous microorganismsen
dc.subjectSustainable sourcesen
dc.subjectQR Microbiologyen
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.subjectSDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energyen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleA brief journey into the history of, and future sources and uses of fatty acidsen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Biomedical Sciences Research Complexen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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