Deep ocean storage of heat and CO2 in the Fram Strait, Arctic Ocean during the last glacial period
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The Fram Strait is the only deep gateway between the Arctic Ocean and the Nordic Seas and thus is a key area to study past changes in ocean circulation and the marine carbon cycle. Here, we study deep ocean temperature, δ18O, carbonate chemistry (i.e., carbonate ion concentration, [CO32-]), and nutrient content in the Fram Strait during the late glacial (35,000-19,000 years BP) and the Holocene based on benthic foraminiferal geochemistry and carbon cycle modelling. Our results indicate a thickening of Atlantic water penetrating into the northern Nordic Seas, forming a subsurface Atlantic intermediate water layer reaching to at least ~2600 m water depth during most of the late glacial period. The recirculating Atlantic layer was characterized by relatively high [CO32-] and low δ13C during the late glacial, and provides evidence for a Nordic Seas source to the glacial North Atlantic intermediate water flowing at 2000-3000 m water depth, most likely via the Denmark Strait. In addition, we discuss evidence for enhanced terrestrial carbon input to the Nordic Seas at ~23.5 ka. Comparing our δ13C and qualitative [CO32-] records with results of carbon cycle box modelling suggests that the total terrestrial CO2 release during this carbon input event was low, slow, or directly to the atmosphere.
Ezat , M M , Rasmussen , T L , Hain , M P , Greaves , M , Rae , J W B , Zamelczyk , K , Marchitto , T M , Szidat , S & Skinner , L C 2021 , ' Deep ocean storage of heat and CO 2 in the Fram Strait, Arctic Ocean during the last glacial period ' , Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology , vol. 36 , no. 8 , e2021PA004216 . https://doi.org/10.1029/2021PA004216
Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Copyright © 2021. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.