New avenues for mechanochemistry in zeolite science
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Zeolites are a class of microporous materials with tremendous value for large scale industrial applications such as catalysis, ion exchange, or gas separation. In addition to naturally ocurring variants, zeolites are made synthetically using hydrothermal synthesis, requiring temperatures beyond 100 °C and long reaction times up to weeks. Furthermore, specific applications may require more sophisticated synthesis conditions, expensive reagents, or post-synthetic modifications. Some of these issues can be tackled by using the reemerged technique of mechanochemistry. In 2014, Majano et al. reviewed the space and outlined several possibilities for the usage of mechanical forces in zeolite chemistry. Since then the field has seen many more publications employing mechanochemical methodology to further and improve the synthesis and properties of zeolite materials. The usage ranges from the activation of raw materials, rendering the synthesis of the widely used catalysts much more economical in terms of duration, atom efficiency, and production of waste, to post-synthetic modification of the materials leading to improved properties for target aplications. We present a short review of the advances that have been reported recently, highlight promising work and important studies, and give a perspective of potential future endeavours.
Rainer , D N & Morris , R E 2021 , ' New avenues for mechanochemistry in zeolite science ' , Dalton Transactions , vol. 50 , no. 26 , pp. 8995-9009 . https://doi.org/10.1039/D1DT01440D
Copyright © The Authors 2021. Open Access article. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
DescriptionD. N. R. would like to thank the EPSRC for funding (grant no. EP/N509759/1). R. E. M. is funded by an ERC Advanced Grant (787073 ADOR) and acknowledges the Charles University Centre of Advanced Materials (CUCAM) (OP VVV “Excellent Research Teams”, project number CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000417 – CUCAM).
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