Agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean : medieval intensification revealed by OSL profiling and dating
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The history of agricultural terraces remains poorly understood due to problems in dating their construction and use. This has hampered broader research on their significance, limiting knowledge of past agricultural practices and the long-term investment choices of rural communities. The authors apply OSL profiling and dating to the sediments associated with agricultural terraces across the Mediterranean region to date their construction and use. Results from five widely dispersed case studies reveal that although many terraces were used in the first millennium AD, the most intensive episodes of terrace-building occurred during the later Middle Ages (c. AD 1100–1600). This innovative approach provides the first large-scale evidence for both the longevity and medieval intensification of Mediterranean terraces.
Turner , S , Kinnaird , T , Varinlioğlu , G , Şerifoğlu , T E , Koparal , E , Demirciler , V , Athanasoulis , D , Ødegård , K , Crow , J , Jackson , M , Bolòs , J , Sánchez-Pardo , J C , Carrer , F , Sanderson , D & Turner , A 2021 , ' Agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean : medieval intensification revealed by OSL profiling and dating ' , Antiquity , vol. 95 , no. 381 , pp. 773-790 . https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2020.187
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Antiquity Publications Ltd. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding for fieldwork and analysis has been provided by grants from the Newton Fund administered by the British Academy (AF140007 & AF160103), UK Research and Innovation (AH/P005829/1 & AH/P014453/1), the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (116K829), the European Commission (H2020 657050), Dumbarton Oaks (Washington, D.C.), Seven Pillars of Wisdom Trust (UK), Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (HAR2012-35022) (Spain), Xunta de Galicia (2016 PG-065) (Spain).
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