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dc.contributor.authorTammaru, Tiit
dc.contributor.authorKnapp, David
dc.contributor.authorSilm, Siiri
dc.contributor.authorVan Ham, Maarten
dc.contributor.authorWitlox, Frank
dc.identifier.citationTammaru , T , Knapp , D , Silm , S , Van Ham , M & Witlox , F 2021 , ' Spatial underpinnings of social inequalities : a vicious circles of segregation approach ' , Social Inclusion , vol. 9 , no. 2 , pp. 65-76 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 274286518
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 692a475c-50cd-420c-b229-297989ca1c91
dc.identifier.othercrossref: 10.17645/si.v9i2.4345
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2106-0702/work/94291604
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85106941207
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000661192000001
dc.descriptionFunding: We are also very grateful to the Estonian Research Agency, who has provided financial support to the five-year PRG306 project “Understanding the Vicious Circles of Segregation. A Geographic Perspective” (for more see, as well as to the support of the Infotechnological Mobility Observatory ( and the EU Horizon project “UpLift (
dc.description.abstractA paradigm shift is taking place in spatial segregation research. At the heart of this shift is the understanding of the connectedness of spatial segregation in different life domains and the availability of new datasets that allow for more detailed studies on these connections. In this thematic issue on spatial underpinnings of social inequalities we will outline the foundations of the ‘vicious circles of segregation’ framework to shed new light on questions such as: What is the role of residential neighbourhoods in urban inequalities in contemporary cities? Have residential neighbourhoods lost their importance in structuring daily lives since important part of social interaction takes place elsewhere? How is residential segregation related to inequalities in other important life domains, in schools, at work and during leisure time? The vicious circles of segregation framework builds on the traditional approaches to spatial segregation, as well as on the emerging new research undertaken within the ‘activity space approach’ and ‘longitudinal approach’ to segregation. The articles in this thematic issue improve our understanding of how spatial segregation is transmitted from one life domain to another as people sort into residential neighbourhoods, schools, workplace and leisure time activity sites, and gain contextual effects by getting exposed to and interacting with other people in them.
dc.relation.ispartofSocial Inclusionen
dc.rightsCopyright © Tiit Tammaru, David Knapp, Siiri Silm, Maarten van Ham, Frank Witlox. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.en
dc.subjectActivity spaceen
dc.subjectLife domainsen
dc.subjectSocial networksen
dc.subjectHN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reformen
dc.subjectHT Communities. Classes. Racesen
dc.subjectHV Social pathology. Social and public welfareen
dc.titleSpatial underpinnings of social inequalities : a vicious circles of segregation approachen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Population and Health Researchen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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