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dc.contributor.authorStudt, Eric
dc.identifier.citationStudt , E 2021 , ' Virtual reality documentaries and the illusion of presence ' , Studies in Documentary Film , vol. 15 , no. 2 , pp. 175-185 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 273979915
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f8933cbe-b378-427e-909f-a40aa89bf579
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85106273561
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000649614300001
dc.description.abstractI argue that virtual reality (VR) documentaries mandate that users employ a fictional attitude toward their presence in a virtual environment (VE) for the purpose of engaging with nonfictional content. The most salient feature of VR is that VR users typically feel as though their bodies were present in a VE. This paper explores presence in VR as a perceptual illusion facilitated by certain technological features. Drawing on Kendall Walton’s concept of fiction, I argue that the illusion of presence in VR also requires a fictional attitude that VR users employ when imagining themselves in a VE. In the case of VR documentaries, while users’ attitude in regards to the feeling of presence is best characterized as make-belief, they nevertheless employ an attitude of belief in regards to the content of the documentary and accept this content as nonfictional.
dc.relation.ispartofStudies in Documentary Filmen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.en
dc.subjectVirtual realityen
dc.subjectPN1990 Broadcastingen
dc.titleVirtual reality documentaries and the illusion of presenceen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Philosophyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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