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dc.contributor.authorOjoniyi, Olaide O.
dc.contributor.authorOdimegwu, Clifford O.
dc.contributor.authorOlamijuwon, Emmanuel O.
dc.contributor.authorAkinyemi, Joshua O.
dc.identifier.citationOjoniyi , O O , Odimegwu , C O , Olamijuwon , E O & Akinyemi , J O 2019 , ' Does education offset the effect of maternal disadvantage on childhood anaemia in Tanzania? Evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study ' , BMC Pediatrics , vol. 19 , 89 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 274213343
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 24b25c32-8b11-4e92-a266-b9c5b52cf186
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85063954053
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 30943946
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-6109-8131/work/93894961
dc.description.abstractBackground Despite being preventable, anaemia is a major public health problem that affects a sizable number of children under-five years globally and in Tanzania. This study examined the maternal factors associated with the risk of anaemia among under-five children in Tanzania. We also assessed whether higher maternal education could reduce the risks of anaemia among children of women with poor socio-economic status. Methods Data was drawn from the 2015–16 Tanzania demographic and health survey and malaria indicator survey for 7916 children under five years. Adjusted odds ratios were estimated by fitting a proportional odds model to examine the maternal risk factors of anaemia. Stratified analysis was done to examine how the relationship differed across maternal educational levels. Results The findings revealed that maternal disadvantage evident in young motherhood [AOR:1.43, 95%CI:1.16–1.75], no formal education [AOR:1.53, 95%CI:1.25–1.89], unemployment [AOR:1.31, 95%CI:1.15–1.49], poorest household wealth [AOR:1.50, 95%CI:1.17–1.91], and non-access to health insurance [AOR:1.26, 95%CI: 1.03–1.53] were risk factors of anaemia among children in the sample. Sub-group analysis by maternal education showed that the risks were not evident when the mother has secondary or higher education. However, having an unmarried mother was associated with about four-times higher risk of anaemia if the mother is uneducated [AOR:4.04, 95%CI:1.98–8.24] compared with if the mother is currently in union. Conclusion Findings from this study show that a secondary or higher maternal education may help reduce the socio-economic risk factors of anaemia among children under-5 years in Tanzania.
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Pediatricsen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s). 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en
dc.subjectMaternal characteristicsen
dc.subjectUnder-five childrenen
dc.subjectRJ101 Child Health. Child health servicesen
dc.subjectPediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Healthen
dc.titleDoes education offset the effect of maternal disadvantage on childhood anaemia in Tanzania? Evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional studyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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