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dc.contributor.authorBenn, Douglas I.
dc.identifier.citationBenn , D I 2021 , ' Surging glaciers in Scotland ' , Scottish Geographical Journal , vol. Latest Articles .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 273979169
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: bedddb16-154f-4b7a-8958-8ae9ec4c449b
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3604-0886/work/93894027
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85106054379
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000649627400001
dc.descriptionHelp with data compilation and analysis was provided by Rebekah Kaufman with funding from the St Andrews University Undergraduate Research Assistant Scheme.en
dc.description.abstractGlacier surges are cyclic oscillations of velocity and mass resulting from internal dynamic instabilities. For surge-type glaciers, cycles of advance and retreat are decoupled from climate forcing, so it is important to consider the possibility that former glaciers may have been surge-type when making climatic inferences from their dimensions and chronologies. In this paper, climatic and glacier geometric data are used to show that Scotland was likely the location of a surge cluster during the Loch Lomond Stade (∼12.9–11.7 ka), with high probabilities of surging for outlets of the West Highland Icefield and the larger glaciers in the Inner Hebrides and Northern Highlands. Terrestrial and marine landforms consistent with surging occur in all of these areas, and it is proposed that surge-type glaciers existed on the Islands of Skye and Mull, in the Northern Highlands, and in a ‘surging arc’ along the western, southern and south-eastern margins of the West Highland Icefield. The possibility that surge-type glaciers were widespread in Scotland during the Loch Lomond Stade offers a fresh perspective on some long-standing issues, including the relationship between style of deglaciation and climate change, the climatic significance of glacial chronologies, palaeoclimatic reconstructions, and the interpretation of numerical model results.
dc.relation.ispartofScottish Geographical Journalen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.en
dc.subjectGlacial environmentsen
dc.subjectPalaeoenvironment/quaternary studiesen
dc.subjectPolar environmentsen
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.titleSurging glaciers in Scotlanden
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Environmental Change Research Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Bell-Edwards Geographic Data Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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