Show simple item record

Files in this item


Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorKamusella, Tomasz
dc.identifier.citationKamusella , T 2021 , ' Ethnicity and estate : the Galician Jacquerie and the Rwandan Genocide compared ' , Nationalities Papers , vol. FirstView .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 273805969
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 45c50fda-d8da-421b-a586-71aaf7055ead
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-3484-8352/work/93515166
dc.description.abstractIn national historiography, estate (social) divisions are typically disregarded in favor of supposedly shared ethnicity, which is proposed to have united a given nation for centuries. Hence, the Polish national historiography is unable to account for the Galician Jacquerie (1846), when serfs were killing nobles, despite their (retroactively) assumed shared Polish ethnicity. On the other hand, the 1994 mass massacre of the Tutsis by Hutus is recognized as the Rwandan Genocide, though both groups share the same language, culture, and religion—or what is usually understood as ethnicity. What has sundered the Tutsis and the Hutus is the estate-like socioeconomic difference, or a memory thereof. It appears that under certain conditions estate (social, class) difference may become an ethnic boundary. In the case of the aforementioned jacquerie, the estate difference made the serfs and the nobles into two different de facto ethnic groups. Similarly, in Rwanda, estate (social) difference is implicitly posed as ethnicity, thus making the Hutus and the Tutsis into separate ethnic groups. However, the official definition of genocide as adopted by the United Nations explicitly excludes social groups (for instance, estates) from its purview, leading to terminological paradoxes.
dc.relation.ispartofNationalities Papersen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Association for the Study of Nationalities. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectGalician Jacquerieen
dc.subjectMicroethnic groupen
dc.subjectRwandan Genocideen
dc.subjectSociety of estatesen
dc.subjectDT Africaen
dc.subjectDJK Eastern Europeen
dc.subjectHV Social pathology. Social and public welfareen
dc.titleEthnicity and estate : the Galician Jacquerie and the Rwandan Genocide compareden
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Institute for Transnational & Spatial Historyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Historyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record