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dc.contributor.authorWitbooi, Emma
dc.contributor.authorAli, Kamal-Deen
dc.contributor.authorSantosa, Mas Achmad
dc.contributor.authorHurley, Gail
dc.contributor.authorHusein, Yunus
dc.contributor.authorMaharaj, Sarika
dc.contributor.authorOkafor-Yarwood, Ife
dc.contributor.authorQuiroz, Inés Arroyo
dc.contributor.authorSalas, Omar
dc.identifier.citationWitbooi , E , Ali , K-D , Santosa , M A , Hurley , G , Husein , Y , Maharaj , S , Okafor-Yarwood , I , Quiroz , I A & Salas , O 2020 , ' Organized crime in the fisheries sector threatens a sustainable ocean economy ' , Nature , pp. 1-9 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 271218821
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e70f70a1-5470-454e-a8ff-b62f62080d7c
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4952-9979/work/83482084
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85095869152
dc.description.abstractThe threat of criminal activity in the fisheries sector has concerned the international community for a number of years. In more recent times, the presence of organized crime in fisheries has come to the fore. In 2008, the United Nations General Assembly asked all states to contribute to increasing our understanding the connection between illegal fishing and transnational organized crime at sea. Policy-makers, researchers and members of civil society are increasing their knowledge of the dynamics and destructiveness of the blue shadow economy and the role of organized crime within this economy. Anecdotal, scientific and example-based evidence of the various manifestations of organized crime in fisheries, its widespread adverse impacts on economies, societies and the environment globally and its potential security consequences is now publicly available. Here we present the current state of knowledge on organized crime in the fisheries sector. We show how the many facets of organized crime in this sector, including fraud, drug trafficking and forced labour, hinder progress towards the development of a sustainable ocean economy. With reference to worldwide promising practices, we highlight practical opportunities for action to address the problem. We emphasize the need for a shared understanding of the challenge and for the implementation of intelligence-led, skills-based cooperative law enforcement action at a global level and a community-based approach for targeting organized crime in the supply chain of organized criminal networks at a local level, facilitated by legislative frameworks and increased transparency.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 Springer Nature Ltd. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.subjectHD Industries. Land use. Laboren
dc.subjectSH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Anglingen
dc.titleOrganized crime in the fisheries sector threatens a sustainable ocean economyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Geographies of Sustainability, Society, Inequalities and Possibilitiesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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